Remembering Dad on Father’s Day, June, 1983

From the June 1983 Reedley Ward Newsletter:Photo0265Tribute to a Father

This is an interesting slice of time in our family from 1983.  Times were good then.  Times changed.  In 1984 I moved back to Africa for about 3 more years.  In 1987 Eric married the wrong person and they voted Paul and Leslie off the farm.  In 1988 Mom and Dad divorced.  Dad remarried a year later.  I came home to a different place and a different family.

Things change.


Posted in Arthur & Grace Laemmlen Family, Family History, Laemmlen Family | Leave a comment

Sarah Ann Bushman Rhodes died 100 years ago today

Rhodes, Sarah Ann Bushman

Bushman Family History by Newbern I. Butt, p. 54-56:
Sarah was nine years old when the family made the first long trek from Lancaster County Penn. to Nauvoo, and was thirteen when they left Nauvoo for Western Iowa. Therefore she was thoroughly drafted into domestic duties while she should have been in school. The hard work under improvised conditions gave her a domestic maturity, frugality and ability as a good manager which she could have secured in no other way. From her mother she learned the fundamentals of nursing and sympathy which aided in making her the “good Samaritan” of the pioneer communities in which she lived. To help relieve the poverty conditions in which the family were living in Western Iowa, she taught school at Highland Grove in 1850-51, and during the summer of 1850 when she was only 17 years old she went to Missouri to earn what she could as a domestic servant.

These experiences undoubtedly gave her the thoughtfulness for the welfare of others which made her such an ideal friend and hostess of young and old alike. She was popular with the young men, but happened to make the 1000 mile trip across the plains in the same company as a young married man who gained her love, and to whom she was married the year after their arrival in Lehi.

Her husband provided her with a separate home south of Lehi, but they were later forced by danger from Indians to move inside the Fort in a house which was part of the East Wall. After the danger was over, she lived in two other adobe homes built by her husband, the second one East of Lehi where she could help raise her own garden, fruit and livestock for a family of 12. She was a widow for twelve years, and at her death, June 18, 1917, she had 80 grandchildren, 112 great grandchildren and 2 great-great grandchildren.

Sarah was married May 25, 1852 in Salt Lake City, by President Brigham Young, to Alonzo Daniel Rhodes, son of Erie and Eunice Wright Rhodes. He was born 12 September 1825 at Fowler, Trunbull County, Ohio. While in Nauvoo, Alonzo was a drummer in the Nauvoo Legion, and he knew the Prophet Joseph Smith as well.

In Lehi he was one of the well-known violinists who played for dances. In 1854 he served in the Tintic Indian War and 1857 in the Echo Canyon War. Late in 1856 he was one of the men who went to help rescue the unfortunate Handcart company where so many perished.

He was police of the Lehi Fort in 1853, and was elected Marshall of the town from 1854 to 1871 when he resigned to devote his whole time to farming and other duties. He, with others, financed and constructed the first toll bridge over the Jordan River west of Lehi and built some of the more important canals and roads in the neighborhood. He was arrested in a polygamy raid at Lehi, Dec., 23, 1888.Rhodes, Martin, John Franklin, Marcellus, front Alonzo, Sarah Ann BushmanMartin Elmer, John Franklin “Frank,” Marcellus Albert Rhodes. Front row: Alonzo Donnell and Sarah Ann Bushman Rhodes</

Alonzo Donnell’s death occurred at Lehi, 8 July, 1893. Their children were all born in Lehi:

Alonzo Daniel, b. 17 April 1853; m. Harriet Elizabeth Stewart
Elizabeth Emira, b. 10 April 1855; d. 6 Nov 1885; m. Jos. Simpson Barnes
Sarah Ann, b. 4 March 1857; d. 4 Feb 1844; m. Shadrick Empey
Martin Elmer, b. 8 February 1859; d. 21 Nov 1928; m. Louisa Elizabeth Childs
Alva Benjamin, b. 25 February 1861; d. 8 Dec 1862
John Franklyn, b. 12 April 1863; d. 7 April 1944; m. Mary Elizabeth Ashton
Elsie Maria, b. 12 March 1865; m. George Briggs
Lois Liddelia, b. 6 August 1867; m. 1. Joseph Briggs; m. 2. A. Amundres
Marcellus Albert, b. 6 August 1869; m. Amanda Hodge
Bertha Salome, b. 27 October 1872; m. Wm. Henry Neibaur
Lorena, b. 9 September 1875; m. John M. Smith
Jacob Wilson, b. 24 May 1881; d. 25 May 1883

Alonzo had married 1st, 14 September 1843, Barbara Kearns, daughter of Henry Kearns and Barbara Pickle, by whom he had:
Lamyra Amanda, b.23 December 1844
Julia Ann, b. 29 September 1846
Henry Erie, b. 4 September 1848
Alverana Barbara, b. 20 August 1851; m. Hyland D. Wilcox
Ellen Marie, b. 8 July 1853; m. Jacob Nelson
Adeline Malissa, b. 11 October 1855; m. Mathias Peterson
Sarah Lavina, b. 8 March 1857; m. Henry Houre
Clarissa Elizabeth, b. 2 September 1859
Rosa Bell, b. 21 December 1861; m. Theodore Green Lagrand, b. 13 May 1863

Alonzo married 3rd, Sarah Jane Lawrence, daughter of John Lawrence and Rhoda Sanford. By this marriage the following children were born:
John, b. 30 April 1859
Daniel R., b. 30 August 1860; m. Beula Adams
Rhoda, b. 6 April 1862; d. 23 July 1864
Olive, b. 12 March 1864; m. Henry White
Henry, b. 11 July 1866
Amos, b. 24 December 1869; m. Susan Ann Riley
Elberta, b. 5 October 1874; d. 26 February 1881

Bushman, Jacob, John, Martin B., Sarah, Elias Albert
Jacob Bushman, John Bushman, Sarah Rhodes, Martin Benjamin Bushman, and Elias Albert Bushman

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Families of Theodore Turley and Ruth Jane Giles

On the 18th of June in 1850, Theodore Turley married Ruth Jane Giles in Salt Lake City. They had 3 children, Joseph Orson, Jacob Omner and Alvin Hope.  Here is some information about their family written by Theodore Hope Turley (b. 1890), who was the son of Jacob Omner Turley.

These are the three sons of Theodore and Ruth:  Joseph Orson, Jacob Omner and Alvin Hope:

Theodore Turley had one son, Alvin [by Ruth Jane Giles], who was born in San Bernardino in 1855, who died in Salt Lake when he was seventeen, but my father, Jacob Omner, born in San Bernardino on January 30th, 1852, and died in Boise, Idaho in September of 1924, was his youngest son who lived to maturity. He left seven sons of which I am the fifth and only one living. My two oldest brothers were born in Beaver, Utah. Jay [was born] on April 16, 1877, [and] grew to be 6′ 6″ tall and became a civil engineer; he was an engineering genius who could tell by just looking at the landscape whether it would be cheaper to build tunnels through the ridges and siphons across the canyons or a surface canal all the way around. He chose the site and planned what has been built by the U.S. Reclamation Service on the San Juan River in northwest New Mexico as it emerges from the mountains of Colorado. He planned this project in 1907 and my third brother Walter G., later of Santa Fe, did most of the surveying for it. I have a picture of him perched on top of a 2,000 foot cliff with his left heel hooked around the left side of the point of the cliff so he could lean over to the right to look through his surveying instrument which he entitled “Hanging Around the Thin Edges.” The project was to be built by the same company that built the famous Twin Falls Project in Idaho. They sent a man named Hollister out from Chicago to sign up my brothers but the bank’s stringency the late summer of 1907 closed all the banks in the U.S. for 16 months and no one could get a dime from any of them so when Mr. Hollister reached Durango, Colorado on his way to Turley, New Mexico (it is still on some of the highway maps) at the head of the San Juan Valley, somewhere east of Farmington, he received a telegram with the sad news that they could not get financing to go through with the project. The present project will irrigate 180,000 acres mostly for the Navajo Indians. My brother’s plan included a tunnel under the Continental Divide to take water through the Rio Grande Valley around Albuquerque. Think what it would’ve meant to my brothers and the whole of New Mexico to have had that development in 1907. The present project (the dam) wasn’t completed until 1962.

My oldest brother went to New Mexico shortly after the turn of the century and made friends with Governor Otero. He wrote the code of irrigation law for the Constitution of New Mexico when it became a state in 1912. He also studied law and was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States in the boundary dispute with Texas involving the old course of the Rio Grande River. He also came down here and warned the Chamber of Commerce, Los Angeles that the San Franciscito Dam on the Los Angeles Aqueduct would never stand because it was built with only a 20 foot foundation not on bedrock as it should’ve been but on clay, and you all know what happens when clay gets wet. The dam began to leak and the watchmen called frantically to headquarters in Los Angeles and when Chief Engineer W. M. Mulholland and his Chief Assistant Van Norman went up there at 5 p.m., the roadway was already washed out for two miles and they had to leave their car and walk but Mulholland said, “Oh, that’s nothing, all dams leak.”

They had an electric timer stretched across the top of the dam; it went out at 12:00 that night. A wall of water [surged] 200 feet high that lifted and pushed the whole dam for one-half mile down the canyon before the water would escape around the end; it filled the whole valley 10 feet deep (the Santa Clara Valley) with sand and silt and a loss of over 450 lives. This happened in 1928 and the City of Los Angeles had to pay many millions of dollars for damages. That same year, we voted a bond issue of 28 million dollars; at the fork of that river, it seemed an ideal spot for the dam would back water up the east fork and the west fork from one hundred eighty degrees. He tried to point out to the engineering profession that vertical concrete dams are a mistake, that the water pressure is downward and is shoving them downstream and the downstream slope cannot hold the tremendous pressure. Whereas, if the upstream side of the dam were sloped the downward pressure of the water would hold the dam in place and it would be safe. In 1927 and 1937, they had tremendous floods in the Mississippi Valley; in one of those years, 32 of the vertical concrete [dams] in Pennsylvania went out.

He also pointed out that the Grand Canyon was not made by water alone; if so, there would’ve been waterfalls at what are now the vertical cliffs, the famous redwall and hardrock sides of the canyon. The South Rim of the Grand Canyon is now 7,200 feet above sea level and the North Rim, 8,100 feet. But in Cedar Breaks in Southern Utah, where the first colored motion picture, “Drums Along the Mowhock” was made and later, “My Friend Flicka,” the top of the plateau, east of Cedar City, is 10,000 feet high but it slopes down to a very broad shallow valley, possibly 60-80 miles wide, near the Utah-Arizona state line and is covered with washed gravel, showing that it was the ancient bed of the Colorado River, but when the earth was cracked by a tremendous earthquake, and opened up a lower channel to the south through the Grand Canyon, the water flowed there. It is also proved by the sharp angles of the river below the Grand Canyon where it makes a sharp turn from northwest to south and water naturally has no such sharp angles.

My second brother, Louis Alvin, took his M.A. and Ph.D. in Harvard University with the shortest dissertation ever submitted for the Ph.D. degree at Harvard, but with two models which were life-size models of the human kidneys, that were so perfect and accurate, in every detail, that they were used as models for classroom instruction in the medical school and were written up and photographed for Life Magazine in its third issue in December 1937. He was a professor of pathology at the University of Oklahoma, School of Medicine from 1908 to retirement 1940-1944 and was written up in “The American Men of Science” series in the 30’s and early 40’s. He was called an expert witness in court cases involving diagnosis in five states from Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. He stopped an epidemic of encephalitis (sleeping sickness) in Durant, Oklahoma by forbidding the dragging of dead horses through the dirt streets to the edge of town for burial. He was the author of at least eight scientific treatises and “THE FIRST HISTORY OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF MEDICINE.” He was 6′ 4″ tall, broad-shouldered, but slender; his average weight was 156 pounds. He also drew the plans for several of the University buildings and the New School of Medicine in Oklahoma City and superintended its construction so that all its contractors had to do was furnish the men and materials and collect their pay; so they gave him a new car and offered him twice his University salary just to travel and design their special buildings for them, although he had never studied architecture. He was also offered a position at Harvard University, which he declined because promotion was so slow and he was head of his department at O. U. But when the first world war came, several of the Harvard professors left to enter government service so he would’ve become head of the department of pathology there and regretted that he had not accepted that offer. He died of a heart attack at 74 ½ years of age. My third brother, Walter Guy, was born on the Holcomb Ranch five miles above Boise, Idaho on the way to Yakima, Washington, October 4, 1881.

My parents remained in Idaho because my oldest brother, then aged 4 ½, rode on a giant rutabaga for a hobby horse and my father said that any land that could produce such a giant vegetable was good enough for him; so he remained in southern Idaho. My parents spent their first winter there in charge of the Willow Creek stage station on the old Oregon Trail, 18 miles northwest of Boise, the first station on the way to Portland, Oregon.

Without any cookbooks, our mother devised 38 different ways of cooking potatoes and her fame spread as far as San Francisco. The next spring my father homesteaded on the Paytte Ranch six miles west from Emmett, then only a crossroads with only three of the four corners occupied, but now a thriving town of several thousand people. Our place where I was born August 3, 1887, was so far out and isolated that there was only one house within sight and that was 1 ¾ miles away.

My second brother, Louis Alvin, received a university scholarship when he was a junior in high school to make drawings of insects for lantern slides for the professor of Entomology to exhibit to farmers throughout the state for 15 to 25 cents an hour to put himself through college. Before graduation, he had written three scientific articles to be read at National Scientific Conferences, and one [at] an international meeting in Berlin, Germany, telling scientists of the world things they did not know about their own specialty. When I asked him how come that he, a poor farm boy a way out in the sticks had been able to do this, he replied, “I’ll tell you why. Most people do not see what they are looking at.”

Walter Guy became a graduate engineer and in 1905 joined his older brother, Jay, in New Mexico. They chose the site, made the plans and surveys, for a dam and irrigation canal from the San Juan River in northwest New Mexico. I have a picture of my third brother on top of a 2,000 foot cliff with his left heel hooked over a side so he could lean over the other side and sight through his surveying instrument which he entitled “Hanging Around the Thin Edges.”

This project included a tunnel underneath the Continental Divide to carry water to the Rio Grande Valley in central New Mexico around Albuquerque. It was to be built in 1907-1908 by the same company that built the famous Twin Falls project in southern Idaho, but owing to the rivalry of two Montana copper mining millionaires, WMA Clark, who built the Salt Lake Railroad from Salt Lake City to San Pedro, California and became U.S. Senator and built a $5,000,000 “cottage” in New York City and a rival named Heinze who went to New York City and began buying up banks when he had acquired control of two of them, Clark passed the word to Morgan, Gould, Vanderbilt, et. al., that they shouldn’t allow Heinze to get control of New York banks for he would ruin them all. So they passed out the word to the public in the late summer of 1907 that Heinze’s banks were unsafe; the public just got the word that the banks were unsafe and they made a run on all of them; no bank in the world can pay all of its depositors on sudden demand, so they all went and closed their doors and for fifteen months no one in the U.S. could get a cent of his money from any bank. They passed out pieces of white paper they called “script” merely stating that the bearer had so much money on deposit in their bank.

So, when the irrigation company man named Hollister reached Durango, Colorado on his way to sign a contract with my brothers, to build a project, he received a telegram that the deal was all off, the company could not get any money to finance the project. The dam was finally built in 1962 by the U. S. Reclamation Service to water only 180,000 acres of land (the Turley project was to cover 210,000 acres, ½ for the benefit of White and the other half for the Navajos). Think what it would’ve meant to the development of the state of New Mexico and the development of the Turley family fortunes if they had been able to build their project 54 years earlier!

Walter Guy then located in Santa Fe and was for many years an engineer for Santa Fe Company and the State Highway Commission and surveyor of Santa Fe, and his obituary in the Santa Fe New Mexican said that he had a better set of maps in detail of the city of Santa Fe than the City Engineer had and that most of the people of the city had their land located and measured by my brother. It was to his house that Cousin Charles Turley went in his last illness and my brother and his wife took complete care of him until he passed away. One of your number visited him later and reported in the family newsletter that he was a “true Turley all right.” He had no children of his own but he reared his wife’s nephew and put him through the University of New Mexico and gave him the only job he ever had and when he entered Government Service in the last World War, he left his two small children with Uncle Guy and his wife to rear also, which they did and took him on trips to the mountains, fishing and so forth and gave him the only job he ever had up to the time of his passing. He went to his reward on Thanksgiving Day of 1966, aged 85 years and 55 days.

My oldest brother, Jay, was 6′ 6″ tall and was a captain in the rainbow division (“because it had members from every state in the Union in the United States and was the first American troops that were sent to France in World War I”). He went to France but as a teenager learned the Chinook language, a little Latin and Spanish, which he learned in New Mexico. He came back knowing thirteen languages and when he went to London on leave, he was accepted immediately by one of the largest clubs there and invited to stay at their Clubhouse because of his Turley name.

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Rachel Holt Cottam b. 14 June 1856

Holt, Rachel m. Cottam

Rachel Holt was born June 14th 1856 at North Ogden, Utah to James Holt and Parthenia Overton Holt. Her parents were converts to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in its early days. While living in Johnson County, Illinois a missionary from the Church came through the area to preach the gospel and both James and Parthenia became converts to this new religion. In 1840 the family set out to be with the Saints in Nauvoo. He was a real helper in the building of the Nauvoo House and the Temple, both by giving of his means and by his labor. In following the Church he and his family suffered many hardships. His wife and two children died leaving him with four children.

After the death of the Prophet, he went with others to carry the Book of Mormon to the Iowa Indians. Here he met Rachel’s mother, who was one of the company on this mission. They were married in a wild Indian country and she took over the care of his four children, all of whom were in poor physical condition because of lack of proper care. Pen cannot write the hardships they endured, but finally in 1852, they arrived in Utah locating at North Ogden. It was here that Rachel was born. Her father had moved so much that it was hard for him to remain in one place very long. When he would get well established he would sell out and make a new home. After nine years, when Rachel was six years of age he moved his family to Washington, Washington County, Utah to grow cotton. Though Rachel was young, she could pick the cotton very rapidly. When she was eight years old, she and her brother would walk the seven miles to St. George with her cotton to trade it at Bentley’s store for something much needed. She well remembered giving her week’s wages of cotton for a yard and a half of calico cloth. But how proud she was of the scant dress she got out of it.

After the second season in Washington, her father was suffering with Malaria and they sought a cooler climate. A number of families were starting homes at Long Valley, Kane County, so the Holts joined the group. They had only established themselves in crud shelters and planted their second crops when the Indians became very troublesome and they were advised to move out. They moved to Virgin City. The men went back to try to harvest their crops but only got part of them when they almost fell victim of an Indian massacre, and it was only by making their way by foot through the deep Zion Canyon country that they made their way back to Virgin City with the Indians taking all their produce.

One year was long enough to remain there and they moved back to Washington; but some relatives had located a ranch at the Meadow above the town of Hamblin and were so well pleased with their place that they thought it was just the place for the Holts to move to.

Rachel was now eleven years of age. Her schooling had been neglected because of moving so much. She herded sheep, rode horses and milked cows. Father Holt raised sheep for the meat and wool from which the family clothing could be made. It was scoured, carded, spun and woven. Rachel’s part of the work with the wool was spinning. Her mother did the carding, then she spun the flakes into two, three or four fine threads twisted into yarn for knitting into stockings. The successful use of the spinning wheel was an art in which Rachel was very clever, and for years after her marriage, she went to the ranch during the summer to spin yarn from which she made stockings for herself and family. While visiting with her parents, she also milked the cows and made cheese and butter for winter use.

When Rachel was seventeen, she went to St. George to go to school. She lived with Martha Ashby, working for part of her board and room, and paying with farm produce for the rest. She was not up with most of the young people in her education at the time, but did fairly well during the winter.

She had been courted for some time by a fine young man of Hamblin, who accidentally shot himself in the arm and later died of blood poison. While going to school she became acquainted with George T. Cottam and they fell in love with each other. Some time after she returned home, he made a trip up to see her and make the acquaintance of her family. When he arrived unexpectedly, she was dressed in an old pair of her brother’s work pants and was down in a potato pit sprouting potatoes. How embarrassed she was, but he did not care. He was still of the opinion he wanted to marry her.endowment-house-1The Endowment House in Salt Lake City, 1880

In October 1874 they went to Salt Lake City along with four other couples from St. George and were married in the Endowment House by Daniel H. Wells. The trip took three weeks with team and wagon. While in Salt Lake, George and Rachel were guests of his grandparents. She was a very shy and modest girl and the old grandfather shocked her terribly. When they returned home, they at once came to live in St. George, where George was a prosperous young man. They made their home with Father and Mother Cottam for two and a half years while their home was being built.

Their home was a combination between a New England Salt Box and Southern Colonial. On the ground floor, facing the street were two rooms, the bedroom where all the children were born and the parlor. Behind these two rooms was a large kitchen, and adjoining the kitchen, a small pantry and a screened porch. There was running water in the screened porch, no place else in the house. An inside stairway leading from the kitchen to the upper floor led to two bedrooms separated by a narrow hall. This hall led to a deck which was on the front of the house, and above the porch which ran the whole width of the house above the bedroom and parlor. An outside stairway led to a cellar area under the basement. The cellar was always well stocked with bottled fruit, squash, potatoes, turnips, apples and any root crops that could be safely kept through the winter.

The house was situated on a rather large lot, occupying almost a fourth of a city block. West of the house was the barn and corral, and a pen for the pigs. Out to the north was a granary, a cellar under it for storage of harnesses, tools and farm supplies. In the granary there were four large bins, in these were kept the barley, corn, rye and wheat that was used for bread and cereals for the family, and feed for the livestock. There was a large garden plot west and south of the house. Fig trees and grape vines lined the ditches. The front of the lot facing the east of the street had neatly manicured walk with a white picket fence that was always kept in good repair. The ditch was lined with black lava rock and had a lot of mock orange trees with one large black locust to the north and two ash trees toward the south.

Rachel worked hard helping with the chores such as milking cows, feeding pigs and caring for the chickens as her husband worked in the fields from early morning until late at night. She was a good cook and George was a good provider. Many people came to their home to spend a few days working in the Temple or for a few days of business and visiting. Many of her relatives, both from her Brothers Franklin O. Holt and George A. Holt came to St. George and made the Cottam home theirs while going to school. Her children were often tucked into a corner on a quilt or two at night while their beds were given to visitors.

This still remains an unpleasant memory with some of the children. For many winters Rachel boarded two boys while they attended school. With her large family it meant much additional work. The older children were girls and they were taught to work. If there was some time when there was not some job on, there was a baby to care for, so there was no time to play. As soon as school was out for the summer, quilts were to be made and repaired, carpet rags to be made ready for the weaver to make into a new carpet. Her five rooms were covered with home-made carpets. This was made possible by shifting the older ones upstairs at the house spring cleaning, and the poorest on put where the wear was not so great.


For twenty five years, Rachel and George donated the bread for the sacrament at the Sunday School. George raised the wheat, took it to the flour mill at Washington to be ground and Rachel mixed the bread every Friday might, and baked, sliced, cut off the crust, wrapped it in a linen towel for him to take Sunday morning to Sunday School. The bread that was left was used for supper with milk. George and William Baker took charge of the sacrament rites. Then Moroni McArthur took the place of William Baker and later Wilford Lee took the place of Moroni McArthur. Very few were the times George T. Cottam was not in his place on the Sacrament stand.

When her children were mostly grown she went to Relief Society and served for some time as a counselor in the Relief Society Presidency. For many years she was a visiting teacher and enjoyed the duty. In the days she served in the presidency, the Relief Society was expected to help care for the sick in the ward. At times it was a big job, when there much sickness and often a death or two. For many nights Rachel sat up caring for those needing help from the Relief Society.

She seldom missed going to Church on Sunday afternoon. With her older children she was strict in discipline and when she spoke to them they knew it meant “DO”. They were not allowed to play cards nor to read novels. It was a rule of the family that each of us made it known when we returned from a party and late hours were very much discouraged. She would not tolerate vulgar stories, slang nor profanity. If the girls overheard anything immodest away from home, they knew better than to repeat it at home. With the younger children, as times changed, they were not as strictly disciplined and though she did not approve of many things, they gradually crept in.Cottam, George &amp; Rachel 50th Anniv.

When they celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary all their nine living children, their grandchildren and many relatives and friends were there with them.

In her later years she pieced quilt blocks and made braided rugs. She read the Church books and some novels. She was the mother of twelve children: eight girls and four boys Her oldest boy died when he was nine years old. The others all lived to marry. She was a widow for seven years, being eighty five when she passed away at the home of her daughter Vilate where she had been living for some time. She died March 29, 1942.

Holt, Rachel Overton headstone d. 1942

Children of Rachel Holt and George Thomas Cottam

1. Mary Ann Cottam Born 19 July, 1875 Died 03 June 1969
Married Albert Edwin Miller
2. Rachel Parthenia Born 03 Mar. 1877 Died 16 Oct, 1900
Married John Arnold Mathis
3. Caroline Cottam Born 03 Dec. 1878 Died 24 Nov 1898
Married George H. Webb
4. George Thomas Born 01 Oct 1880 Died 03 May 1890
5. Ada Cottam Born 22 Sept 1882 Died 21 June 1904
Married John Albert Pace
6. James Franklin Born 22 Sept. 1884 Died 08 Sept. 1909
Married Caroline Bunker
7. Maggie Cottam Born 21 Sept. 1886 Died 25 June 1972
Married Charles B. Petty
8. John Henry Born 30 Sept. 1888 Died 27 Dec. 1910
Married Agnes Maude McCallister
9. Effie Cottam Born 23 Nov. 1890 Died 23 June 1910
Married Brigham Franklin McIntire
10. Bertha Jane Cottam Born 13 Nov. 1892 Died 11 Sept. 1911
Married Frank H. Petty
11. Vilate Cottam Born 06 Mar. 1895 Died 25 Nov. 1915
Married Antone Brigham Prince
12. Joseph Milton Born 14 Dec. 1897 Died 24 June 1921
Married Zilla Helen Stuart

Holt, Rachel Overton m. Cottam.jpg

MY PARENTS, by James F. Cottam
· 28 September 2015 ·
Mother was born in Ogden, Utah, on June 14, 1856. Her family moved to Washington when she was about ten years old, then out to the Mountain Meadows and then to Holt’s Canyon which was three miles below. She was of medium size with gray eyes and dark hair. Her hair changed to gray as she became older. She was an excellent cook, a quick, hard worker and she never permitted a suggestive or unclean story to be told in her presence.

She baked all of the bread for the Sunday School Sacrament each Sunday and for many years she did the laundry for the church table cloths. She kept the commandment, “provoke your husband to good work”. She wrote few letters but ‘saw to it’ that father never neglected the family letters to the absent ones.

During the time Emma Brooks served as Relief Society President, mother was a counselor, but she never sought public office or wanted publicity for what she did.

Her washing was begun before daylight each Monday morning and finished before noon. She raised a few chickens and every Sunday she prepared a fat hen with dumplings or noodles for dinner. “James like the neck”, she would always remind us, until I thought I did.

It was a rule of the family that each of us made it known when we returned from a party and late hours were very much discouraged.

Mother died at the home of my sister, Vilate, in St. George where she had been living for some time — March 29, 1942. She was 85 years old.

Cottom, Rachel Overton Holt obit
The Deseret News Mar 31 Page 16

Rachel H. Cottam

St. George – Service for Rachel Holt Cottam, 83, devoted church worker, and widely known for her hospitable home for many years, were held Tuesday under direction of the Center Ward bishopric. She died at the home of her daughter. Vilate Prince on Sunday after a short illness.

Aunt Rachel as she was affectionately called by her numerous friends was born in North Ogden June 14, 1856, daughter of James and Parthenia Overton Holt. She came with her parents in 1862 to the Cotton Farm in the Dixie Mission. They later lived at Long Valley and at Virgin City because of malaria, before settling permanently at Washington. As a girl she gained the record of being the best cotton picker. The family helped settled Hamblin, in Washington County. She attended school two winters in St. George and after her marriage made her home in St. George.

She served as a counselor in the Relief Society presidency and until her health prevented. She was a Relief Society teacher. She was a member of the D.U.P. and was a worker in the St. George Temple for many years. Her husband prepared the sacrament for 25 years and she baked the bread each Saturday to assist in this call of the church.

She was married in the Endowment house in Salt Lake to George T. Cottam Oct 6, 1874. He died Dec 14, 1934. Eleven of their 12 children grew to maturity. Eight survive; James V. Cottam, Vayo, Mrs. Ada Pace, Price; Mrs. C. B. Petty and Mrs. R. F. McIntyre, Salt Lake; Mrs. F. H. Petty Cedar City, Dr. J. M. Cottam Van Nuys Calif., Mrs. A. E. Miller and Mrs. B. Prince, St. George also surviving are one brother Henry Holt, St. George and 46 grandchildren and 39 great grandchildren.

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Zechariah Davis Wilson, Missionary converts James Holt in 1839

James Holt was born on 10 February 1804 in Halifax County, North Carolina, to Jesse and Elizabeth Davis Holt. He married Mary Pain in 1830. She died in 1845 and that same year he married Parthenia Overton. He became a member of the LDS Church in 1839 and moved to Nauvoo in 1840-1841.

In 1881, James Holt recorded recollections of his life, including his conversion story:

In the month of October, there came a man to our section of the country to preach who claimed to belong to a church calling itself the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a new sect lately sprung up. This man’s name was Zachariah Wilson. Previous to this I had never believed in any denomination, for I could not see where they got their authority. They all preached about a God whom no one could comprehend. They believed not in revelation nor the gift of healing by the laying on of hands, according to the scriptures. Now I looked for a church that was built upon the foundation that was laid down in the scriptures, with prophets and apostles to lead, and I had talked a great deal with my brother-in-law, Andrew A. Timmons, who believed as I did. I had tried to persuade him to preach, for he was a well educated man, but he said if he were to attempt to preach as he believed, the people would kill him.

Now this “Mormon” Elder (as this new sect was called by the world) preached in our place and I went to hear him. He preached the Gospel according to the scriptures; faith on the Lord Jesus Christ and baptism for the remission sins, the laying on of hands for the reception of the Holy Ghost by those who were called of God; also the administering to the sick by the laying on of hands, and a great many other things which he proved by the scriptures. He then went on to show how the Lord had appeared to the boy Joseph Smith, how he was instructed of Angels form time to time and at last, when he had grown to manhood, how he had been led by the same heavenly messengers to obtain the sacred plates; how he had been inspired to give the translation thereof, and how he had been ordained to be a prophet, seer and revelator in this last dispensation; also how he had been led by God to organize the Church of Jesus Christ with apostles and all the appendages of the Holy Priesthood, with all the gifts following those who believed and were baptized according to the promises given in the scriptures.

Now I believed and rejoiced to hear the Gospel again preached on Earth as it was in the days of Christ. I went for my brother-in-law to come and hear a man who preached according to our mind. He came to hear him and after the preacher got through, he gave any one present the privilege to ask any questions, which was fair, and he would try to answer them. My brother-in-law asked him if he had a foundation for what he preached. He said yes. My brother-in-law said that was all he wished to know at present. After meeting I invited the preacher home with me. He said if anyone would open their doors to him he would preach again to them. One man said he could have his house to preach in, and I told him he was welcome to preach in mine, so he appointed to preach in this other man’s house on Thursday and at my house on Sunday. He went home with me. On Thursday he held meeting at this other man’s house. When he got through, a Methodist preacher asked permission to say a few words, and being granted the privilege, he arose and said there was no need of any more revelation, the canon of scripture was full and we needed no more addition to the Bible for it was perfect and he could prove it by that bucket (pointing to an old bucket close by, which had but one ear and no bail). Said he “That is a perfect bucket, is it not?” “Yes it is.” “Well as that bucket is perfect so is the Bible. I told you I could prove it.” I failed to see the point of his proof, but perhaps it satisfied him. He further went on and said the very words that the man said in the pit which I saw in my dream. I had not thought anything more about my dream for some time until now it flashed to my mind with great force. The next Sunday, Elder Wilson held a meeting at my house, at which time I was baptized and ordained to the office of Teacher. My brother-in-law did not join the Church at that time. He said I was like the sow that jumped at the swill as soon as it was put in the pen. He joined the Church the following spring and went on to Nauvoo, where I heard he apostatized through some false doctrine introduced by a few individuals who belonged to the Church, but did not understand the doctrine right.

In about three weeks from my baptism, my wife was baptized. As soon as I was baptized, persecution began. All manner of lying and reviling went on about those who belonged to the Church, but it only increased my faith, for so persecuted the Church in the days of our Savior.

Collection Overview
Title: Holt, James
Dates: 1881 (inclusive)
Collection Number: UU_Ms0412
Summary: The James Holt Papers (1881) consist of a biographical sketch of Holt titled “Life of James Holt: Early Pioneer.” This is not a journal account, but rather Holt’s recollection of life events written in 1881 when he was 77 years of age. James Holt (1804-1894) was an early member of the LDS Church who settled in southern Utah.
Repository: J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
Address: J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections 295 South 1500 East Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0860 (801) 581-8864

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Michael Clarke b. 12 June 1832, England



The following is a sketch of the life of Michael Clark as told by his daughter, Sarah Ann Clark Rudd.  (Michael was married to 2 Smuin sisters, Harriet and Eliza Smuin, daughters of Thomas Smuin and Sarah Hook.)

Michael Clark, my father, went to a tailor in London to have a suit made. That tailor was Aunt Harvery (Hannah Smuin Harvey). Harriet Smuin, my mother, was her help, and father got acquainted with her. Before any serious relations took place between them, Harriet sailed to America. Father soon after started to earn a way to come to America. He hired himself out to a family to work. After he had worked sometime the people he worked for decided to come to America. He came with them and earned his way over by his service, and then worked his way across the plains by being teamster for this family. It seems as if he didn’t have any real hardship, or I feel it would have been mentioned sometimes. The paths across the plains had been broken by earlier travelers, it being about ten years since the first immigrants came.

It was the year of 1859, August 16th, that Father came to Salt Lake City, Utah. When the company arrived with Harriet Smuin he found her and soon made himself known and they were married one month later, September 24, 1859. They settled in Salt Lake City, living there about seven years. During the year of 1867 they moved to Kaysville, Davis County, Utah, on to a homestead. Father had married Eliza Smuin on October 28, 1861. At this time he had six children in the two families. My mother, Harriet, and her children lived in a room on the Ebenezer A. William farm located on the mountain road. Later we moved to a dugout in the hillside south of Haight’s Creek. Many times the snow covered us completely and we had to be dug out. Later we moved to a shanty on the homestead.

Father then moved Auntie (Eliza Smuin Clark) and her children up from Salt Lake City to the homestead by Haight’s Creek. He worked for a Mr. Bowen of North Farmington who owned a molasses mill. Father learned the trade and later purchased a mill for himself. He had some of the homestead land cleared so he could plant a little grain. He also planted sugar cane and started making molasses. I have heard the older people praise Father’s molasses many times.

In the fall of the year at molasses making time, he made many children happy with his molasses candy which he made in a large iron kettle. He poured the molasses into barrels for keeping. Father made many a vat full of peach preserves and crab apple preserves for winter for the two families. In the spring we could go to the barrels and get the fruit which tasted like candied fruit, made only with molasses for sugar. We were blessed with plenty of eatable after Father got the land under cultivation. We did not have white bread, but a coarse bread.

At the time of the grasshoppers, Father had twenty acres planted in grain. It was early summer and the grain was pretty and green, promising a good crop. The grasshoppers came and before noon the ground was as bare as if the grain had been cut or dried up. Not a green spear was to be seen standing. That was the first year of the grasshoppers, and I think the worst. I remember Father saying to Mother, “Well, Harriet, our bread is gone.” Mother answered saying, “The Lord will provide.” For about four years we fought grasshoppers to save our crops and gardens so that we might have something to eat. We children went many times into the fields and helped drive them into the ditches of mud and water. Father has some large ear rings which he sold at this time for flour. With the efforts of the people and the Lord sending the seagulls, the crops were finally saved. Father had about nine children in both families to keep clothed and fed.

Father was a good worker; he provided the firewood for winter, gathering it from Bear’s Canyon. He often took the children with him, having to care for them while Mother and Aunt Eliza took their straw hats to Salt Lake City to sell. However, on one of the trips we had an accident, hurting two of the smaller children, and from then on Father left us at home.

He helped work on the Salt Lake Temple a good deal during it’s construction. Wages were not very high and Father traded his watch for flour.

Father was arrested on a polygamy charge, sent to prison, and then released on account of ill health. He hid for several months in various caves, or any place for shelter and food was taken to him by members of the family. He was tried, and freed to marry Eliza Smuin by the law of the land. A month later, after the trial, he died, January 21, 1891 at Kaysville, Davis County, Utah. He was buried in the cemetery at Salt Lake City, Utah.


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Leonhard “Heinrich” Lämmle, “Sad Death Notice” 11 June 1868, Grossgartach

Laemmlen, Heinrich death notice 1868

Here is the sad death notice (above) and the death entry in the church books (below) for my 2nd Great-grandfather, Leonhard “Heinrich” Lämmle, who was born 9 December 1836 in Brackenheim and died 11 June 1868 in Grossgartach of pleurisy.  Heinrich was only 31 years, 6 months old, leaving a young wife named Maria Magdalena Justine, and two sons.

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm (age 5) was born 3 Jan 1863, and Herman Albert was born 21 July 1867, not quite a year before their father died.  They had a sister named Maria Katharine Louise who was born 1 Jan 1865 and died 4 March 1865.  Mother Maria never remarried.  She lived to be 63 years old, dying in Grossgartach on 16 July 1897.

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Lämmlen was my Grandpa Rudolf’s father.

Laemmle, Heinrich Death entry 1868

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