The Wild West by Lee Anderson

Here’s a fascinating story that includes an experience George Kirkham had in 1863. George’s wife, Mary Ann Astington is the sister of Eliza Astington who was married to James Blundell Smuin.

The 1913 History of Lehi, states, “In the spring of 1863, Lehi was witness to one of the most somber events of her whole history.  A number of soldiers from Fort Douglas, enjoying a vacation at Fort Crittenden, as Camp Floyd had later been named, wounded two Indians and frightened the squaws of a neighboring camp.  It was all done in a spirit of deviltry and without provocation, so the Indians swore revenge on ‘the men who wore the blue coats,’ and unfortunately confused these with the drivers of the mail coaches.”

Regardless of the reason, the spring of 1863 was not a good time to be a mail coach driver.  On March 13th, John Garr and William Empy were camped in Scull Valley, Tooele county, at Garr’s herd ground when a party of eight Indians started shooting at their tent.  Garr and Empy returned fire and were able to get to their horses and escape.  The Indians took what they could carry, killed a “fine cow and calf that were in the corral”, and burned the rest.  A posse of nine men soon were after them but they got away.

On Sunday March 25th, the mail stage was attacked by what was thought to be a “band of hostile Humbolt Indians” about ten miles west of Deep Creek (also in Tooele county).  The driver and a passenger were killed, but Judge Mott, the delegate to Congress from Nevada who was also on the stage,  was spared.  Soon after the stage was attacked, two men were attacked and killed at Eight Mile Station.  According to the Deseret News, “The two bodies were found on Monday, scalped and stripped.”  Eight horses were also stolen and the stable and hay had been burned.  Forty horses were also stolen from Deep Creek Ranch.  Willow Station was attacked but the attackers were driven off, Boyd’s Station was also attacked and three horses were stolen and some hay was burned.  The mail company immediately asked for assistance from the army.

On April 1, 1863, the Deseret News reported, “We are pleased to learn that the Overland Mail Company feels perfectly satisfied that the Indians, who threatened last week to interrupt the communication between this and Carson, are now unable to make any successful demonstration of hostility.  Since our issue we have seen several gentlemen from the west, who report ‘no Indians to be seen,’ and the public business over that route goes on uninterruptedly.

A detachment of fifty men, 2d Cavalry, C.V., have gone by the Humbolt to Ruby, and to Deep Creek, if required.  Another detachment of twenty-five men were sent over the mail route, and another third detachment of twenty-five men were sent by Scull Valley, in the hopes of coming up with the Indians somewhere.”

The soldiers involvement only seemed to make the problem worse.  In their attempt to catch the guilty party, they attacked several innocent tribes in the area.  This only caused the innocent tribes to seek retribution and go on the “war path”.  Regardless of the mail company’s reassurance, the attacks continued.  On the 19th of May, the stage carrying one or two passengers and four soldiers, left Deep Creek.  W. R. Simpson was driving and Major Egan was riding “shotgun” beside him.  When they were about 14 miles from the station, three shots were fired from some rocks by the roadside.  Simpson was killed instantly and Egan grabbed the reins to prevent the horses from running away.  Four more shots were fired and the soldiers returned fire.  As soon as the dead man was placed inside the stage, “thinking discretion the better part of valor, Major Egan, who had become the driver’s successor, left the scene of action as quickly as possible.”

According to the 1913 Lehi History, “On Tuesday evening, June 9, a number of the red skins told Mrs. William Ball, who then lived at the Jordan Bridge, and whose family was extremely friendly with the Indians, that on the next day they were going to kill the mail driver and ‘blue coats.’  Mrs. Ball warned the driver, who was then on his way to Fort Crittenden, but he could do nothing by way of preparation.

The next day, June 10, George Kirkham, then a boy of twelve, was herding cattle west of the Jordan, about one mile north-west of the Cold Springs.  Seeing the mail coach come flying in the distance, his curiosity was aroused, and he followed its course closely.  In a short time he could discern a number of horsemen following the vehicle and then he could see that they were Indians and were firing at it.  Ever faster they came, the driver making a great effort to reach the road to the ford across the river, which was about three miles below the bridge.  He had cut through the country in order to gain this haven, but finally the savages turned him south, drove him into high brush, and the speed of his horses was checked.  First his leaders fell and when a wheeler went down, too, he dismounted and stood behind the other, firing at his assailants as rapidly as possible.  Finally both he and his last horse were shot down, and the sole passenger in the coach was murdered with him.  The drivers name was Wood Reynolds, and because of his bravery the Indians cut his heart out and ate it, believing that some of his courage would in that way pass to them.  They then scalped both their victims and mutilated the bodies terribly.

In the meantime, Kirkham had run for the bridge, and after delivering his horrible tidings there, had gone on to Lehi and started a posse out for the scene of blood.  But it was too late.  The Indians had departed and nothing remained but to take the bodies of the men to Salt Lake City.”

Thankfully, cooler heads soon prevailed and peace between the government and the native tribes was sought.  A treaty was agreed upon and peace was restored.

– – – – – – –
This article was posted by Lee Anderson on the Lehi Historical Society and Archives Facebook page on 3 Feb 2021.

Photo: “Stagecoach Pursued by Mounted Indians” by Richard Lorenz.

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Martin Benjamin Bushman’s short speech on his 79th Birthday on 5 February 1920

bushman, martin benjamin portrait

A short speech made by Martin B. Bushman, Lehi City, Feb. 5, 1920 on his 79th Birthday.

I am pleased to meet you here tonight and bid you all welcome.  I am growing old and cannot always be with you I tell you few things I have done in in life end why I have done them.
I have tried to be truthful, for in my boyhood days I have told untruth to my parents and it has stayed with me as a warning all the days of my life. I cannot forget it.
Honesty in my early life I had a dream. I thought I had stolen something it was found out on me and all my friends new it and 0 how very bad I felt and when I woke up and found it was dream O how happy I was but it has stayed with me as warning in all my business transaction in life in my working on the thrashing machine for 25 years of my life in measuring up the grain and taken up the toll that dream was always before me as warning
Praying I have read in the Book of Mormon page 518 where Jesus when talking to the Nephites told them to pray always and that Fathers should always pray with their wives and children I have tried to carry out his words in my early boyhood days I often went to the Lord for help and among the most important was in choosing a companion I remember of forming and affection for a certain young lady that I thought I would like to marry but I asked the Lord in prayer that if it was his will that I should marry her that everything should work together to that end if it was not his will all my affection for her should leave me I had no sooner arose to my feet than all my love for her had left me but in pursuing the same course in regard to those that I did marry everything worked to my favor and blessing In my younger days I went into the mountains and canyons after wood and timbers and of times all alone but I always felt safe if I had said my prayers before going.
Tithing I have always thought the tithing of the Church done more good in more ways to mankind than any other financial enterprise in the world and for that reason I wanted to have a hand in the good work and have to pay one tenth of my income for the last 60 years 20 years ago the tithing office gave me a card that I could take when I went to settle my tithing so the clerk could put on it the amount paid each year that card shows that I have paid about 14 hundred dollars in the 20 years and now I feel no poorer for it.
Meetings the Lord said his people should meet often together and a Book of remembrance would be kept and when he came he would reward them he also said they would meet On his holy day to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the body and blood of his Son. I have learned in my journey of life that, it gives more joy and happiness to go to the house of worship and associate with the Servant of God and partake of the Sacrament in remembrance of his Son and receive of holy spirit which gives great joy and peace of body end mind Some one feels like living a better life and working for the welfare of mankind.
Sunday School when I was a child I never had the privilege of going to Sunday School for there was none then here in Lehi but after I was married the Sunday School started in Lehi and I was chosen as one of the teachers and I, took a great interest in the work for I learned something every time I went and was quite successful as a teacher and continued at the good work for 30 years and it had good effect on my children so that six of them became Sunday School teachers.
Missions I never had the privilege of filling a preaching mission, but I have done all I could to assist those that have gone I will relate a few instance on March 23 1889 there was standing by the courthouse, Provo City about one dozen Lehi men among them was a young man that had been called on a mission to Wales. I called him to one side and said to him that I was going into court to be sent to prison and while there I would not have any use for money for Uncle Sam would feed and clothe me so I gave him what money I had to help him on his mission. Another young man I furnished five hundred dollars to fill his mission to England another instance where a young lady of Lehi was called on a mission and her parents were not able to help her much so I gave her money to help her to go and sent her money while there. O how I appreciated her kind letters and thanks. I shall always keep them. I could relate many more incidences.
My Travels I thought it may be of interest to relate my travels.
At the age of one year from Pennsylvania-to Nauvoo one thousand miles.
At the age of five from Nauvoo to Council Bluff five hundred miles.
At the age of ten from council Bluffs to Utah one thousand miles.
At the age of twenty from Utah to Florance and back two thousand miles.
At the age of 22 from Utah out west 350 miles and bock 7 hundred miles.
At the age of 33 from Lehi to St George 6 hundred miles.
At the age of 61 from Utah to New York and return, 5 thousand miles.
At the age of 70 to Canada, 2000 total, 12,800 miles.
I have now lived in Lehi nearly 70 years and have helped developed the Country. I was among the first stockholders of ZCMI of Salt Lake City also Lehi ZCMI and of Provo Wooling factory and of the Utah Telegraph line. I was one of a Committee of three that erected the Pioneer monument of Lehi also compiled the History of Lehi.
I have held the office of City Councilman, Marshal police and road Supervisor and number of church offices. I feel that I have been blessed first with goodly parents next with good brothers and sisters, then with good wives and children and to have my wives Sealed to me, one by President Brigham Young, the other by Apostle Wilford Woodruff.
I have been Greatly blessed in body and mind and I owe all to the Lord and I wish to say to my children and those present that I know that this is the Church of God and that Joseph Smith was a Prophet of God. I thank you
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Louisa Mary Phillips Pace b. 19 January 1847, Cardiff, Wales

Phillips, Louisa Mary b. 1847

Louisa Mary Phillips Pace on the left.

Mrs. Louisa M. Philips Lewis Pace was born January 19, 1847 in Cardiff, Wales. She writes:

My father died when I was six months old.

The first I can remember was when I was crossing the ocean with my mother. I was being taken by her to this country, America. She had been converted by Elder John A. Lewis. She married him when I was four years old. I was carried to school and when I was four years old I could read parts of the Bible. I won a prize, which was a butter Lion weighting about 15 pounds. This prize was won by me for reading the Bible best. This was when I was six years old.

I have always loved to read and received a very great deal of my education through reading books, books of every kind. I did go to school some though. I went to night school because I spun and knit lace and stockings in the day time. We burned green willows for the light and once in awhile a candle. We had twelve books for forty scholars.

I crossed the plains with my mother when i was seven years old. i came in the Dr. Richards Co. in 1854. We stayed in a Kansas camping ground waiting journey.

When the teams arrived, my foster father bought, with my mother’s estate money, six yolk of cattle, having sold our house for 100 pounds.

They emigrated 30 families with part of the money and bought a farm in Manti, Utah. One hundred acres and everything on it. We arrived there only to find the Indians had burned all on it, so the land was sold for taxes. We really didn’t benefit by any of the money we received from our home excepting the oxen and horses that we used to come across the plains. We traveled with teams in the covered wagons.

Lewis, John A. and Priscilla

My foster father [John A. Lewis,] thought he would be able, after an illness he had had, to drive but he was so weak that he fell from the tung where he was riding and broke his leg. This held up the wagon train for a while, but Dr. Butchon set the leg and we moved on with the company.

When we had traveled twelve weeks, my half-brother Johnie S. Lewis was born, on the Platt River, in 185[4].

We saw many Indians and buffalo, on our way. We had heard so much about them but we were always told to act brave in their company. We arrived in Salt Lake City, October 30, 1854. We lived for that winter in Salt lake City.

My father worked on the Temple all winter and summer then in the fall Brigham Young sent him to Box Elder because he was a carpenter. There was much more work there than where he was. He worked on a new meeting house there and a home for ourselves and one for President Snow.

It was very cold that winter in Box Elder. The coldest winter I ever remember, so cold that the men were unable to get lumber out of the canyon to finish the house we were building for ourselves so

we put a wagon cover over the roof to keep out the storm, but it was terribly cold and we most froze in it. A kind neighbor seeing our trouble took us in with her. She had one room for eleven of us.

The snow was so deep that most of the cows and horses we had froze to death. We had one cow left. We killed her because she was so poor, but we wanted to use the meat before she died so it could be used.

Mother sold dresses and linen that she had brought from the East (Wales was written in) where she had kept and owned a large store. This winter compelled us to buy flour with some of our most treasured belongings.

I remember a sister paid us for a bolt of material with a loaf of bread and the bread was so hard it broke when it was cut, but it tasted better than anything I have ever eaten in all my life.

In the spring of 1858 we dug roots and cooked greens. This was the year the food came to us that was so much like the manna of old. It grew in the swamps and was a root-like substance and was very good tasting.

This year 1858 was hard, a very hard one throughout all the settlements. Then it was that the U.S Army came into Salt Lake Valley, the people feared that they would be mobbed as they had in the East, so Brigham Young ordered all of their possessions burned so that they would not be taken by the army.

I remember by mother piling all our belongings in the middle of the floor to burn, that is, all that we had left of the things we started with. I didn’t seem to care much about the other things, but I cried when the books were burned, because I loved them just as much as I would good friends.

We all moved out of Salt Lake Valley to Spanish Fork, where we lived from then on, the rest of my life thus far.

We had no animals left now so we had to have some of the brethren help us to move. The man who helped us was William F. Pace, who came with his team and moved us down.

I lived with his wife, Caroline and he for some time, working for my keep. Caroline was my cousin who had come from Wales also. The times were always hard, but we never did grumble or even realize they were hard.

(From here we have gathered items from grandmother’s life that seemed most interesting to us.)

While living with William F. Pace and Caroline she had much to do even though she was a child and they were very good to her. She gathered offerings from some of the sisters to give and distribute to some of the less fortunate ones. She was helping Aunt [cousin] Caroline and Jan Hillman with this work. They were the appointed ones to do it. She helped them gather soap made from pork fat waste and alkali, candles, flour or anything that could be used. They gave much of this to the new comers who came without a thing in 1865.

When she was eighteen years old she taught the Old Testament class in Sunday School. Sara McKee was in the class and she tells us that grandmother was a wonderful teacher, one of whom she remembered through the years as one of her very best teachers. Sara was 13 years old in this class.

Then the theatrical group was organized. Grandma Louisa M. Phillips was one of the group. The others were John Moore, Tom Smith, William Creer, [Mary Lewis Hawkes], Ann [Lewis] Clegg, and Sam Cornaby.

Mrs. Annie Creer Rowe tells of some of the plays they played, one being “Rob Roy McCreger”. She says there never was, to her knowledge, better players. Even though they all loved their own troupe best.

When Grandma was about this age she had a spinning wheel set up in her back kitchen. The floor was completely worn out from where she had walked to and from spinning. She could be seen working late into the night and early in the morning.

All the girls of the town would gather at times with their spinning wheels to the old stage, where the old Oren A. Lewis home now stands. They had spinning bees here and had great fun. Aunt Venus, a negro mammy who came to live with the Redds, would cook for them. She was very good and they all loved her.

In 1868 Grandma was married to William Franklin Pace. She was his second wife. They were sealed in the Salt Lake Endowment House.

In 1870 her first child was born. Mrs Ann Creer was the midwife or doctor attending the birth. The first born they named Caroline Louisa. (4 Aug 1870 – 7 Feb 1928)

In 1872 (August 1st) her second child, Priscilla Margaret was born. Shortly after this they moved to their farm in Spanish Fork Canyon in Lake Fork. On this farm grandmother lived in the summer and down to Spanish Fork in the winter.

In 1874 their third child, William Franklin, was born. In 1876 their fourth child, Tommy, was born, and in 1877 (September 10th) Mary Ann was born. At this time the Indians were very bad. One evening at dusk, an old Indian came to the door and asked for whiskey, or firewater as they called it. He had already been drinking. Grandma said she had none because her husband did not drink it. He then asked for a gun. She told him no. He took her little girl Percilla by the hair of her head and said he would scalp her if Grandma didn’t give him the gun. She was afraid he would do much harm with it. He finally found he could not scare her into giving it up, so he went mumbling away without harming them.

Grandfather was in town at this time, so Grandma took her children and her tiny baby across the river and slept in the bushes all night, for fear the Indians would return.

In 1879, Jane Elizabeth was born and one half hour after her birth, William Franklin died. He was six years old. Grandma felt terrible about the little boys death because he was her only son at the time.

In 1881, Maggie Davidson was born. The day before her birth, Grandmother had walked nine miles helping Grandfather drive sheep and was trying to reach her brother,
John S. Lewis’ ranch before the baby was born.

Grandfather and she came to the cabin of Maggie Davidson who, with her husband, was cattle herding at Nine Mile. The cabin seemed to be deserted until the hired man, William T. Monk came in. He went after Mrs. Davidson on the range, to be with and help Grandma. By the time he returned with her, the baby had been delivered by Grandfather. It was named for Mrs. Davidson because she took care of Grandma during her nine-day stay.

In 1883, Charles Philip was born. In 1886, Rebecca Amelia was born. In 1888 Morton Eli. It was at this time that the trials of polygamy were most terrible. Grandma had to leave her home in Spanish Fork to give birth to Morton Eli. She stayed in Fairview, Utah, until the baby was three months old. Then he died.

She always said it was those trials which caused the death of her last, a still born baby. So many nights hiding from the cruel “Deps” as they called them. They seemed to enjoy being ugly with the people who were living in polygamy. The poor souls seemed not to have a moments peace. They dreaded the “Deps” more than they did the Indians and many a terrible thing our grandparents told of their character.

Besides all these trials and also insects, they had other problems, too.

Pace, William Franklin and Louisa Mary.1

William Franklin Pace and Louisa Mary Phillips

Grandma & grandpa traveled around with the sheep a great deal, taking the children with them. In traveling they couldn’t depend upon being friends to others. When they were in the states, no one would be a friend to a Mormon if they could help it.

In 1894, while traveling in New Mexico with the sheep they became friendly with a family who had traveled along beside them for days. They pitched camp together each night. One night the mother and Grandma began to talk of the Mormons and she said she would like to see a Mormon, but she knew she would be afraid of them. Grandma said, “You are looking at one now.”

“Oh,” she said, “Don’t they have horns?”

“No, they are much the same as everyone else,” Grandma said. “The next morning their friends were gone. They had left in the middle of the night because they were afraid of the terrible Mormons. They never did see them again on the trip that lasted a year.

Grandma was always an honest, true, faithful wife and a loving mother and grandmother. We are all proud of her work and hope we will be able to carry on this work which she and grandfather started.

After a long, busy, noble life Grandma passed away September 18, 1934, in Spanish Fork. She is buried there.

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Eli Brazee Kelsey Ferguson b. 28 December 1848 in Scotland

Ferguson Eli Brazee Kelsey-Colorized


SON OF ANDREW FERGUSON AND CATHERINE DOUGLASS, Great-great grandparents of John Conley Lewis, my husband

Eli Brezee Kelsey Ferguson was born at Rutherglen, Scotland, December 28, 1848. He was baptized by Stephen R. Wells July 14, 1857. He came to Utah with his father and step-mother-in 1855 arriving in Salt Lake September 28, 1855. He grew to manhood in Spanish Fork and when very young enlisted in the infantry in Franklin P. Whitmore’s Company on the 14th of June 1866 and released July 28, 1866 at Springville, Utah. He also served in Thurber’s Company of home guards for about sixty days in the year 1866.

He freighted from Salt Lake to Pioche, Nevada, in the early seventies and worked in Nevada for two years. He married Christena O. Angus April 13, 1874 in the Endowment House, Salt Lake City. Twelve children were born to this unison, all living but two. In 1888 and 1890 he filled a mission to Scotland laboring in Glasgow, Aberdeen, Edinburgh and in the Orkney Islands in the North of Scotland.

Soon after his marriage they moved from Spanish Fork to Lake Shore where they had acquired 160 acres of land. They lived there and reared their family and helped to build up the community. In March 1883 was appointed President of the M. I. A. of the Spanish Fork West Branch which was later made Lake Shore Ward. He was also appointed Assistant Superintendent of Sunday School which offices he held many years. He was made Senior President of the 129th Quorum of Seventies October 27th, 1900 which office he hold until September 18, 1917 when he was ordained a High Priest.

He held many positions of public trust, School Trustee, Justice of the Peace, and Manager of the Lake Shore Co-op, later buying the store and carrying on the business for six years, during that time acting as Assistant Post Master. He was a member of the Board of Directors of the Strawberry Reservoir Project and served from the time the first surveys were made until the project was finished. In company with Richard W. Money and John Roach they formed the Spanish Fork Construction Company and built several miles of the Strawberry High Line Canal.

In 1916 he sold his farm in Lake Shore and bought the J. M. Creer home at 138 South 1st West, Spanish Fork and moved there to live. For five years before his death he visited the Soldiers’ Home at Sawtelle, California and spent the winters there. He passed away December 10, 1928 at Sawtelle, California and was buried at Spanish Fork City Cemetery December 14, 1928.

— Betsey F Tippetts, daughter, and her family lived many years with “Grandpa Ferguson”.

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Elsie E. Turley Barrett b.14 December 1866, Minersville, Utah

The following is a short biography of Elsie E. Turley Barrett written in the book
“A Century of Mormon Activities in California” volume two by Leo J. Muir, published by Deseret News Press, Salt Lake City, Utah in 1952. Copyright 1952 by Leo J. Muir.

The book can be found at the Harold B. Lee Library at BYU campus, call number
BX 8677.94. M89 c vol.2. The inside cover of the book states that this book was a gift to the BYU Library by Kathryn Pardoe. The book is also autographed “Cordially Leo Muir 9/24 ‘52”

Five paragraphs about Elsie begin on page 95.

BARRETT, Elsie E. Turley: b. December 14, 1866, Minersville, Utah. Fa. Joseph Turley, b. 1845, Nauvoo, Illinois. Mo. Elizabeth Lightener, b. in Wisconsin in 1849.

In her late childhood she was taken with her parents to Beaver, Utah, and later to Frisco, a near-by mining camp. While her parents resided in Frisco, she was sent to a Catholic boarding school in Salt Lake City during the ages of 15 and 16. Here she studied art under a French nun, voice under an Irish nun, and piano under an Italian nun.

Was married to William H. Barrett, May 19, 1896* Eight children were born to this union, four of whom died in infancy. Those surviving were (1) William Ernest, b. 1887, Frisco, Utah, now residing in Ogden, Utah. Married Vera Holden. They have three sons—all having been in war service. (2) Myrtle, b. in Beaver, Utah, 1891. Married Joseph Smith. They have two boys (both recently in Army service) and one girl. (3) Ronald, b. in 1899 in Ogden, Utah. Married Lillian Anderson. No children. Served twenty years on Los Angeles police force. Now lives in Oakland, California. (4) Allan, b. Provo, Utah in 1903. Is father of three children.

Elsie E. Barrett came to California in May of 1925. Has resided here since that time.

Mrs. Barrett is a gifted poet. Many of her poems have appeared in church publications. A group of Southern California women recently published a volume of her poems under the title, “Thought Blossoms”.**
The following corrections were made by Susan Barrett Ethington, February 2009:

*This year is a mistake. William and Elsie were married in 1886. I have this information written in Elsie’s own handwriting in her Temple Record book on page 25.

**The name of her book is “A Garden of Thought Blossoms”

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Happy 100th Birthday, Peggy Conley Lewis! b. 12 October 1920

Lewis, Peggy portrait

Lewis, John & Peggy Nauvoo Mission


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Mary Ann Turley Cook renounces allegiance to the Queen, 1895

Cook, Mary Ann Turley -women voting, CA

by Mary Ann Clements

This year (2020) marks the 100th anniversary of the 19th amendment granting women the right to vote in the United States. It’s also the 150th anniversary of the first woman to vote in Utah. We know of at least one woman in Theodore Turley’s family who was excited for the prospect of voting. Mary Ann Turley Cook officially became a citizen of the United States in 1895. A couple of the newspapers noted that obtaining citizenship finally allowed her to own property in the state of California. The Los Angeles Times, however, reported that she was really looking forward to exercising her rights at the ballot box. The 1896 referendum to grant women’s suffrage in California ultimately failed, so Mary Ann didn’t get a chance to vote. Women’s suffrage was finally granted in the state in 1911, six years after Mary Ann’s death. Image below from Newspapers dot com. (The Los Angeles Times, Sunday 29 Sep 1895, page 10)

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Elizabeth Degen Bushman’s Errands of Mercy: Midwife to 357 Babies in Lehi


Our Pioneer Heritage, Vol. 6, p.485-486
Elizabeth Degen Bushman was born September 12, 1802, in Holstein, Basselland, Switzerland. Her father was John Casper Degen. Her mother died in childbirth when Elizabeth was four years of age and a year later her father married again. Six children were born of this union. In the fall of 1816 Mr. Degen brought his family to America.

Elizabeth was married to Martin Bushman in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1827. He was the son of Abraham and Esther Banks Bushman. They made their home in Lancaster until 1840 and during the years seven children were born to them. That year the Mormon missionaries came to their home and brought the gospel to them. Feeling their teachings were from the Lord they accepted them and soon moved with other Saints to Nauvoo, Illinois. After the exodus of the Mormons from that city the Bushmans went to Hiland Grove, Ohio and here they planted crops and stayed a number of years. In the fore part of 1851 they arrived in Salt Lake City.

One week later the family made its way to Lehi and there Elizabeth began her service as midwife in the community. She brought three hundred and fifty seven babies into the world and the most she ever received was $2.50, for more than two weeks work. Most of the time she walked on these errands of mercy but sometimes she rode on an old hayrack. The last visit she made was during a rainstorm. A cold developed and she never got out of bed again. She was ill six weeks and then was called home May 21, 1878, at the age of seventy-six years.

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Ernestina Friedericka Rappolt Laemmlen b. 9 September 1764

On the 9th of September 1764, my 4th Great-grandmother, Ernestina Friederika Rappolt Laemmlen was born in Brackenheim. She was the 4th of 9 children born to Georg Friedrich Rappolt and Maria Magdalena Godelmann of Brackenheim.

On 20 September 1798 she married Christian Laemmlen, a shoemaker in Brackenheim. His first wife, Anna Maria Fessenbeck had died earlier that year. Anna’s first 2 sons died as infants, and their third son was stillborn.

After marrying, Ernestina bore 3 sons, Christian Gottlieb, Jacob Friederich (my 3rd Great-grandpa) and Georg Friederich.

Ernestina died in Brackenheim in 1833 at age 69. Only Jacob Friederich married and he had only one son, my 2nd Great-grandfather, Leonhard Heinrich Laemmlen.

Brackenheim today

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Autobiography of Harriett Barker Chase b. 1835, England

Chase Harriet Barker 2-Colorized (1)

I was born August 29, 1835, in LeRay, Jefferson Co., New York. My parents came from Shelfanger Norfolk, England. My father’s brother George and family left England with my father’s family March 23, 1830. They sailed on the old warship called the New Brunswick and arrived in America on June 23, 1830, after a three-month’s ocean voyage, landing at Staten Island. In a short time they located at LeRayville, New York. It was here at LeRay that I was born. While still very young we moved to Watertown, N.Y. As soon as I was old enough I went to school, going to Burnville, about a mile away.

We first heard of the Mormons from a man named Clarke, who was owner of a grist mill. He said he was going to the promised land. Benjamin Brown and Jesse Crosby where at our home the winter of 1844 and they were almost the first to do much preaching to us. I was baptized in 1844 by Benjamin Brown and so was my sister Sarah. All of our family joined the Church, but one sister who married and moved to Wisconsin, where she lived until her death. I have had four brother and four sisters. Sarah and I were baptized in the creek that ran down through the pasture of the farm our folks lived on. This farm, in Watertown, formerly belonged to Zina D. Huntington Young. My cousin Ellis had been very sick with typhoid fever and when he was recovering he was taken down to the creek on a bed and baptized.

We left Watertown in 1848, and came through Nauvoo. We went and looked at the Temple and went up on the roof. The main body of the Saints had left, but a few were still there. We drove our horse trains on the west side of the river. From there we moved to Mr. Pisgah, where we stayed all summer. The men folk went into Iowa to get work. They thought it was a pretty good place, so in the fall they moved the family to Indian Prairie, Van Buren Co., Iowa, a place just east of Mt. Pisgah. I attended school one term while living in Iowa. We stayed at Indian Prairie until 1849, then moved on to Council Bluffs, where they organized the companies to come west, leaving Council Bluffs in July, 1849.

David Moore was made the Captain of our team, Enoch Reese captain of the fifty, and Allan Taylor, Captain of the hundred. I was only fourteen when we crossed the plains. Crossing the plains the older folks walked most of the way. At night we all gathered around the campfire and the young folks played games. Along the Platte River we had to gather buffalo chips to do the baking. Mother used a bake kettle that stood on legs and had a cover over it. She placed hot coals under the kettle and on the top of it. While traveling, as soon as the milking was done in the morning, the milk was put in the churn and through the motion of the wagon the butter was churned into small balls. Occasionally we stopped a day, so the women could do the washing, but we never had any ironing done.

We arrived in Salt Lake Valley October 20, 1849, but only stayed there one day. When we got to the valley, Ephraim Green wanted us to locate at Sessions Settlement, but we would not because we met Captain Brown, and he wanted us to go to Weber County. He praised the place so highly that we came into Weber County and moved into some empty cabins just a few rods from the junction of the Ogden and Weber Rivers. We lived here the first winter. These cabins were left by people name Crow, Francello Durfee, Mr. Button and an old mountaineer.

The following spring we moved from the bottoms, on account of high water, to the bench. We made our home where Joe Moore now lives. Our home was an old log house moved here and it had a mud roof and no floor. When it rained the water ran down in puddles so we had to set pans and buckets around the room to keep us dry. We couldn’t find a dry place to sleep, so one night Sarah fixed a bed out of chairs near the fireplace.

Robert Porter had some fantail pigeons and when he decided to go on to California, he gave them to me. These were the first pigeons brought to Weber County.

I only attended school about two months after coming to the valley. My teacher was Mrs. Judkins. I stayed at home and helped mother the rest of the time. Mother was very often called out among the sick.

Chase, Elisha Wells

I was married February 27th, 1859 to Elisha Wells Chase at Salt Lake City; in 1858, we were ordered to move south when Johnston’s Army was coming to take possession if they could. We started south in the spring of the year and went as far as Payson, Utah. We camped here some time.

In the summer we were called back by President Brigham Young, after the trouble was settled with the Army and it had left the valley. Coming back, I drove one of Grandpa Chase’s teams for him. He had come in from California and met us at Payson. This saved him from making an extra trip.

I am the mother of three children: Byron, MaryAnn, and Isabel. After my mother’s death (caused by cancer), September 18, 1876, I moved with my children and my brother Byron and family to Promontory Utah. We arrived there in the early part of April, 1877, and stayed there until the spring of 1880. Then we returned to Ogden and lived in Mound Fort. We moved on the bench close to where I had first lived.

In October, 1885 my daughter MaryAnn was married to Andrew Wilson, and In October, 1888, Isabel was married to Miles L. Jones. I continued to live with my son Bryon and kept house for him until he was married in July, 1894, to Rosa Bell Sawyer. I now have nineteen grandchildren living and two great-grandchildren.


Harriet Barker and Elisha Wells with ?

Grandma Harriett Barker Chase, passed away on October 27, 1925 at the age of 90. Her descendants are numerous, 3 children, 19 grandchildren, and 38 great grandchildren.

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