by Mary Ann Clements
This year (2020) marks the 100th anniversary of the 19th amendment granting women the right to vote in the United States. It’s also the 150th anniversary of the first woman to vote in Utah. We know of at least one woman in Theodore Turley’s family who was excited for the prospect of voting. Mary Ann Turley Cook officially became a citizen of the United States in 1895. A couple of the newspapers noted that obtaining citizenship finally allowed her to own property in the state of California. The Los Angeles Times, however, reported that she was really looking forward to exercising her rights at the ballot box. The 1896 referendum to grant women’s suffrage in California ultimately failed, so Mary Ann didn’t get a chance to vote. Women’s suffrage was finally granted in the state in 1911, six years after Mary Ann’s death. Image below from Newspapers dot com. (The Los Angeles Times, Sunday 29 Sep 1895, page 10)
Our Pioneer Heritage, Vol. 6, p.485-486
Elizabeth Degen Bushman was born September 12, 1802, in Holstein, Basselland, Switzerland. Her father was John Casper Degen. Her mother died in childbirth when Elizabeth was four years of age and a year later her father married again. Six children were born of this union. In the fall of 1816 Mr. Degen brought his family to America.
Elizabeth was married to Martin Bushman in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1827. He was the son of Abraham and Esther Banks Bushman. They made their home in Lancaster until 1840 and during the years seven children were born to them. That year the Mormon missionaries came to their home and brought the gospel to them. Feeling their teachings were from the Lord they accepted them and soon moved with other Saints to Nauvoo, Illinois. After the exodus of the Mormons from that city the Bushmans went to Hiland Grove, Ohio and here they planted crops and stayed a number of years. In the fore part of 1851 they arrived in Salt Lake City.
One week later the family made its way to Lehi and there Elizabeth began her service as midwife in the community. She brought three hundred and fifty seven babies into the world and the most she ever received was $2.50, for more than two weeks work. Most of the time she walked on these errands of mercy but sometimes she rode on an old hayrack. The last visit she made was during a rainstorm. A cold developed and she never got out of bed again. She was ill six weeks and then was called home May 21, 1878, at the age of seventy-six years.
On the 9th of September 1764, my 4th Great-grandmother, Ernestina Friederika Rappolt Laemmlen was born in Brackenheim. She was the 4th of 9 children born to Georg Friedrich Rappolt and Maria Magdalena Godelmann of Brackenheim.
On 20 September 1798 she married Christian Laemmlen, a shoemaker in Brackenheim. His first wife, Anna Maria Fessenbeck had died earlier that year. Anna’s first 2 sons died as infants, and their third son was stillborn.
After marrying, Ernestina bore 3 sons, Christian Gottlieb, Jacob Friederich (my 3rd Great-grandpa) and Georg Friederich.
Ernestina died in Brackenheim in 1833 at age 69. Only Jacob Friederich married and he had only one son, my 2nd Great-grandfather, Leonhard Heinrich Laemmlen.
I was born August 29, 1835, in LeRay, Jefferson Co., New York. My parents came from Shelfanger Norfolk, England. My father’s brother George and family left England with my father’s family March 23, 1830. They sailed on the old warship called the New Brunswick and arrived in America on June 23, 1830, after a three-month’s ocean voyage, landing at Staten Island. In a short time they located at LeRayville, New York. It was here at LeRay that I was born. While still very young we moved to Watertown, N.Y. As soon as I was old enough I went to school, going to Burnville, about a mile away.
We first heard of the Mormons from a man named Clarke, who was owner of a grist mill. He said he was going to the promised land. Benjamin Brown and Jesse Crosby where at our home the winter of 1844 and they were almost the first to do much preaching to us. I was baptized in 1844 by Benjamin Brown and so was my sister Sarah. All of our family joined the Church, but one sister who married and moved to Wisconsin, where she lived until her death. I have had four brother and four sisters. Sarah and I were baptized in the creek that ran down through the pasture of the farm our folks lived on. This farm, in Watertown, formerly belonged to Zina D. Huntington Young. My cousin Ellis had been very sick with typhoid fever and when he was recovering he was taken down to the creek on a bed and baptized.
We left Watertown in 1848, and came through Nauvoo. We went and looked at the Temple and went up on the roof. The main body of the Saints had left, but a few were still there. We drove our horse trains on the west side of the river. From there we moved to Mr. Pisgah, where we stayed all summer. The men folk went into Iowa to get work. They thought it was a pretty good place, so in the fall they moved the family to Indian Prairie, Van Buren Co., Iowa, a place just east of Mt. Pisgah. I attended school one term while living in Iowa. We stayed at Indian Prairie until 1849, then moved on to Council Bluffs, where they organized the companies to come west, leaving Council Bluffs in July, 1849.
David Moore was made the Captain of our team, Enoch Reese captain of the fifty, and Allan Taylor, Captain of the hundred. I was only fourteen when we crossed the plains. Crossing the plains the older folks walked most of the way. At night we all gathered around the campfire and the young folks played games. Along the Platte River we had to gather buffalo chips to do the baking. Mother used a bake kettle that stood on legs and had a cover over it. She placed hot coals under the kettle and on the top of it. While traveling, as soon as the milking was done in the morning, the milk was put in the churn and through the motion of the wagon the butter was churned into small balls. Occasionally we stopped a day, so the women could do the washing, but we never had any ironing done.
We arrived in Salt Lake Valley October 20, 1849, but only stayed there one day. When we got to the valley, Ephraim Green wanted us to locate at Sessions Settlement, but we would not because we met Captain Brown, and he wanted us to go to Weber County. He praised the place so highly that we came into Weber County and moved into some empty cabins just a few rods from the junction of the Ogden and Weber Rivers. We lived here the first winter. These cabins were left by people name Crow, Francello Durfee, Mr. Button and an old mountaineer.
The following spring we moved from the bottoms, on account of high water, to the bench. We made our home where Joe Moore now lives. Our home was an old log house moved here and it had a mud roof and no floor. When it rained the water ran down in puddles so we had to set pans and buckets around the room to keep us dry. We couldn’t find a dry place to sleep, so one night Sarah fixed a bed out of chairs near the fireplace.
Robert Porter had some fantail pigeons and when he decided to go on to California, he gave them to me. These were the first pigeons brought to Weber County.
I only attended school about two months after coming to the valley. My teacher was Mrs. Judkins. I stayed at home and helped mother the rest of the time. Mother was very often called out among the sick.
I was married February 27th, 1859 to Elisha Wells Chase at Salt Lake City; in 1858, we were ordered to move south when Johnston’s Army was coming to take possession if they could. We started south in the spring of the year and went as far as Payson, Utah. We camped here some time.
In the summer we were called back by President Brigham Young, after the trouble was settled with the Army and it had left the valley. Coming back, I drove one of Grandpa Chase’s teams for him. He had come in from California and met us at Payson. This saved him from making an extra trip.
I am the mother of three children: Byron, MaryAnn, and Isabel. After my mother’s death (caused by cancer), September 18, 1876, I moved with my children and my brother Byron and family to Promontory Utah. We arrived there in the early part of April, 1877, and stayed there until the spring of 1880. Then we returned to Ogden and lived in Mound Fort. We moved on the bench close to where I had first lived.
In October, 1885 my daughter MaryAnn was married to Andrew Wilson, and In October, 1888, Isabel was married to Miles L. Jones. I continued to live with my son Bryon and kept house for him until he was married in July, 1894, to Rosa Bell Sawyer. I now have nineteen grandchildren living and two great-grandchildren.
Grandma Harriett Barker Chase, passed away on October 27, 1925 at the age of 90. Her descendants are numerous, 3 children, 19 grandchildren, and 38 great grandchildren.
One of the funniest experiences of Olive’s life was the raising of silkworms at Toquerville. Like the women of all ages of history, Olive loved the touch of fine silk and in her extraordinarily large and beautiful home, her favorite silk dresses, a paisley shawl, a “shot silk,” or even a brocade, was extra-special to her. The elegant feel of silk was special, and silk garments had been cherished in Biblical times. It was one of the very few luxuries which weary pioneer women could treasure.
One day in 1874 President Brigham Young sent to Nathan and Olive some silk worm eggs that had been shipped from overseas to this far western valley. What an experience for an already over-extended pioneer woman; already beset with numerous problems just providing the day to day necessities. But the prospect of silken gowns erased every negative thought. Nathan planted a small grove of mulberry trees, which today, 1981, are of enormous size, and can still be seen in the backyard of their beautiful Toquerville home.
Flats of newspaper arrived with the tiny silkworm eggs and with limited instruction as to the hatching, feeding, and rearing of silk worms. The eggs were distributed to those who were willing to try this unusual experiment.
In brief, this is how Olive raised her silk. The eggs were brought into the light and warmed for hatching, resulting in about 10 days, with myriads of tiny 1/4 inch long, black or grey worms. Mulberry leaves were chopped into very small pieces and sprinkled lightly over the egg tray. Like ravenous little wolves, the thread-sized worms climbed onto the wisps of green and began to feed. They were fed every four hours, day and night. Getting up twice in the middle of the night to feed the worms was not one of Olive’s favorite things to do, but she did it very faithfully. At the end of each ten days, the worms were ready to moult. During the 24 hours of moulting, the house had to be kept perfectly quiet. After the moult, the waste had to be removed, clean papers spread and the four-hour feedings resumed.
When the worms reach maturity they were about three inches long and the size of an average adult caterpillar. Olive thought it was very humorous at feeding time when she put whole branches covered with leaves in their boxes. The eating and mulching of 8,000 to 10,000 worms produced the sound of 100 buzz saws at a lumber mill. Each worm lifted his head and gracefully followed an arc toward his body cutting away the tender leaf. In addition to their feeding schedule, and absolute quiet during the moulting period, the temperatures had to be perfectly kept. If a cold breeze came, hundreds of worms sickened and died instantaneously. After two and a half months of intimate care, the adult worms were very beautiful. Their bodies were a soft cream color with faintly outlined circles of grey or tan, and their brown or yellow heads were rounded with a ball of silk which they had been storing day by day for the cocoon. Paper folded in fans provided the lodgements for the cocoons and they soon attached their silken webs and spun their silken cases. After 10 days, Olive placed the cocoons in a large pan of water on a small kerosene lamp stove, and without allowing the water to boil, which would damage the silk, the threads were loosened. Each cocoon provided 1 long single thread, and from 5 to 15 of these single threads were passed through a special reel, to wind them together like a tiny rope, thus making silk thread.
Olive had a friend named Armand Hoff, a convert from Germany, who was the skilled artist in the weaving of silk. From him, Olive learned how to weave silk, and when wearing her silk dress or shawl, thrilled at her accomplishment. The white silky lace worn by Olive in the colored picture that we have prepared was made from silk prepared by Olive at her own hand.
This story is from a Family History in the possession of Louise Tenney Lisonbee
of Orem, Utah. Ann Lewis copied by permission July 2003.
The Theodore Turley Family Book, pp. 113-114
Lucy Turley, third daughter of Theodore Wilford and Mary Agnes Flake Turley, was born in Snowflake, Arizona, 8:20 p.m. June 30, 1888, in a one room log house. She was blessed August 2, 1883, by President Jesse M. Smith and baptized July 3, 1896 by William J. Flake in Flake Reservoir at Grandpa’s Ranch. Osmer D. Flake confirmed her the same day.
She worked hard as a child helping to weave carpets, tending babies, washing dishes, and washing clothes on a washboard. Her schooling was all in Snowflake where she began September 1894, graduated from grammar school the spring of 1904, and from Snowflake Stake Academy April, 1906. When the railroad was built from Williams to the Grand Canyon her father was in charge of construction, so he took his family to camp for the summer. It did not rain, so water supply became low, and many had Mountain Fever from the polliwog water. Lucy had it and lost all her hair, but it came back in curly. She did not like to ride horses but her father insisted that she ride every day when they were living on the Homestead in Aripine.
The summer after she graduated from Snowflake Academy she began clerking in Uncle Jim Flake’s General Store at $20.00 a month, paying her own board and room. She taught Sunday School and Primary classes while a young girl.
Lucy’s mother died when she was 21. Her first train ride was at that same age when she went to Salt Lake City and was married in the temple to Laron Lionel Bates October 4, 1911. They went to live at the Prescott Experiment Station seven miles north of Prescott, Arizona. This farm was under the direction of the University of Arizona, and they had many successful crops while there. They received a salary of $60.00 per month. Their nearest neighbor was one and a half miles away. Karl Theodore, Ellen Lucille and Myrtle were born there.
In 1917 the Bates moved to a farm owned by an eastern company and stayed there eight years. Dorothy Alice was born there. While there, they drove ten miles to Chino Valley for Sunday School and Church; seven miles to Prescott for Primary and Relief Society; and three miles to Pleasant Valley to school. The family moved to Chino on March 1, 1926, as Laron had been put in as branch president. Their fifth child, Kathryn Eleanor, was born there.
Lucy cooked for the school children, giving them a hot lunch in her home. She later was hired as a cook over to the school when the school lunch program began. There she cooked twenty years, often canning her own supply of fruit for the school so their lunches could be cheaper.
Lucy has held a number of positions in the Chino Branch: Primary President; YWMIA President; 2nd Counselor, Theology teacher, Work Day Director and visiting teacher in Relief Society; Sunday School Secretary and teacher of the adult class. She was also a 4-H leader in the community. Lucy has spent much of her time quilting and has made quilts for all her children and grandchildren and many more. Many of her relatives call her “Lute.”
Laron died Nov. 28, 1941 and Lucy stayed in Chino Valley. Their son Theodore went to the Central States on a mission and they have had twelve grandchildren serve missions, Lucy has five children, thirty grandchildren, and 49 great grandchildren (March 1977).
Children of Lucy Turley and Laron Lionel Bates:
Karl Theodore Bates, born July 11, 1912
Ellen Lucille Bates Bunker, born January 10, 1915
Myrtle Bates Billingsley, born April 9, 1917
Dorothy Alice Bates Scott, born August 2, 1921
Kathryn Eleanor Bates Romans, born March 19, 1927
The Theodore Turley Family Book, pp. 175-176
Elna is the daughter of Levi Brinkerhoff and Rhoda Turley
Elna was born May 16, 1923 in Holbrook, Arizona. She married Arlin LaVarre Porter Nov. 24, 1942 in the Arizona Temple. Their first child was born in Febr. 1944. They named her Merlene.
Arlin was in the Air Corps during World War II when he lost his life March 26, 1945 during a bombing mission from England over Germany. He was pilot of the B-17 plane which went down.
On September 20, 1950 she married Tom Haught in Phoenix, Arizona. They now live in Woodruff, Arizona in the home they bought from Elna’s parents.
Children of Elna and Tom Haught:
Peter Gary Haught, born May 11, 1951. He is living in Anchorage, Alaska.
Kathryn Haught, born March 18, 1953 married Edward Roger Fawcett July 3, 1971. They were sealed in the Arizona Temple on January 18, 1974 and have two children: Rhonda Lynn and Frank Edward.
Wayne Kelly Haught, born Nov. 22, 1955 is now on a mission to the Pennsylvania Pittsburgh Mission.
Carla Sue Haught, born June 30, 1957 is attending Eastern Arizona College in Thatcher.
Leslie Haught was born Febr. 19, 1961.
Tom Levi Haught, their youngest, was born Febr. 1, 1963.
Elna has been president of MIA, Primary; secretary for Sunday School and Primary; Junior Sunday School Coordinator; teacher in the Relief Society and visiting teacher and Sunday School teacher. She is now employed by the Church Educational System and is a homemaker for her family. “Life has had its ups and downs. I know the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-
Day Saints is where we find happiness in this life.”
The White Mountain Independent,
Show Low, Arizona ~ February 22, 2008
Elna Brinkerhoff Porter Haught, 84, of Woodruff died Monday, Feb. 18, 2008, at Hospice of the Valley in Scottsdale. She was born May 16, 1923, in Holbrook, to Levi and Rhoda (Turley) Brinkerhoff.
She grew up in Woodruff and attended school in Woodruff, Holbrook and Snowflake. She also attended Lamson Business School in Phoenix. She worked at the First National Bank in Holbrook for several years.
Elna was a lifelong member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints where she accepted and fulfilled many church callings. She worked for the Seminary System for many years.
Elna married Arlin Porter Nov. 1942, in the Mesa Arizona Temple. They had a daughter, Merlene. During WWII Arlin was a bomber pilot and was killed in action in March 1945.
In September 1950 Elna married Tom Haught. They were married for 53 years when Tom passed away in September 2003. They had six children Gary, Kathryn, Kelly, Carla, Leslie and Tom. The joy of Elna’s life was when her children were born.
The family moved around quite a lot when the children were young to find work on ranches and feed lots. They eventually settled in Woodruff to continue to raise their family.
Elna was grateful for the little things in life. She loved learning and doing her best, playing ball and making home runs, playing paper dolls, catching frogs at the river and having frog legs to eat, sleeping in the hay, sleeping with warmed bricks in the winter, square dancing, growing flowers, doing dishes with her sisters, having a clean house with clean washing on the line and mounds of ironing done and humming while she cared for her family.
She always had a smile and a positive kind word for others. She was a very special lady to all who knew her.
Her survivors include her seven children, Merlene (Glenn) Evensen, Gary (Debby) Haught, Kathryn (Edward) Fawcett, Kelly Haught, Carla (Ron) Daniels, Leslie (Michael) Pederson and Tom (Molli) Haught; and 10 grandchildren and six great-grandchildren.
Survivors also include three sisters, LaVerne Pinto, Carma King and Irene (Jack) Arnold.
She was preceded in death by her parents; her husbands; her sisters, Lila Specht, Thelma Sills and Arlene Johnson; and three brothers, Dono, Derrel and Ferrin Brinkerhoff.
Funeral services will be held Saturday, Feb. 23, at 3 p.m. at the Woodruff Ward Chapel, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with a visitation one hour prior to services at the church. Burial will follow at the Woodruff Cemetery.
Owens Mortuary of Snowflake handled arrangements.
LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, Andrew Jenson, Vol. 1, p.553
Bushman, John, Bishop of St. Joseph Ward, Snowflake Stake, Arizona, is the seventh son of Martin Bushman and Elizabeth Dagen, and was born in Nauvoo, Hancock county, Ill., June 7, 1843. He writes: “My parents were expelled from Nauvoo with the Saints and went to Iowa, where they stopped at Kanesville until the spring of 1851, when they started for Utah, arriving in Salt Lake City in October of that year. We located in Lehi, Utah county, where we built a home and experienced the trials and hardships of those early times.
In the fall of 1861 I hauled stone for the Salt Lake Temple. I drove an ox-team to the Missouri river after emigrants in 1862. In 1865 I married Lois A. Smith. During the summer of 1866 and 1867 I did service in the Blackhawk war. In 1876, being called together with 200 others, I went to Arizona, where I settled on the Little Colorado river, near the spot where St. Joseph now stands.
I took to wife Mary A. Petersen in March, 1877. I was ordained a High Priest in 1879 and set apart as second counselor to Lot Smith, president of the Little Colorado Stake, by Pres. Wilford Woodruff; and I was ordained and set apart as Bishop of St. Joseph Ward in 1889, which position I still occupy.” Elder Bushman has served as a member of the board of education of the Snowflake Stake, and has always taken an active part in the upbuilding and development of the resources of the country.