Ruby Grace Lundquist Smuin b. 6 January 1898 in Salt Lake City, Utah

smuin, ruby with grace

I found this photo this last year in my Aunt Elsie’s scrapbook.  Elsie is a sister to my grandmother, Ruby Lundquist (m. Franklin Smuin).  In this photo, Ruby is holding my mother, Grace Helen Smuin (b. 14 January 1930).

I love this photo and her happy and beautiful face as a young mother.   She would have been 32 years old in 1930,  the same age I was when I held my first child.

I was born on the 5th of January, a day-early birthday gift to my grandma Ruby, who at the time was battling breast cancer.  Ruby died 23 February 1959, a month and a half after I was born.   I am happy to know we met, and she held me in her arms before she died.

This week we celebrate our birthdays, my grandma and I.  I am sending my love to her in her heavenly home.

lundquist, elsie with friends in glendale

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Johann “Heinrich” Wilhelm Laemmlen b. 3 January 1863, Grossgartach

Today is the birth day of my Great-grandfather, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Laemmlen.  He was a farmer and wine grower in Grossgartach.

Laemmlen, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm b. 3 Jan 1863

Here are some of the very few photographs we have of him.

Laemmlen, Joh Heinrich Wilhelm family (1)

Left to right: Hermann Laemmlen with wife Marie and son Kurt, Carl Heinrich Laemmlen (oldest son), Rudolf Laemmlen, Richard Wacker with wife Marie Laemmlen and sons Heinz and Walter. The young lady in the back row is a family helper. Youngest son, Paul Wilhelm is not in this photo. This photo was taken about 1924 before Rudolf left for America the first time.

Laemmlen, Hinrich Oct 1936 (1)

Hinrich Laemmlen in vineyard October 1937, 75 years old.

Laemmlen, Hinrich Oct 1936 (2)

Hinrich Laemmlen in vineyard October 1936.

Laemmlen, Karl Albert Heinrich wedding day 31 Jan 1926, Grossgartach.

Laemmlen, Karl Albert Heinrich wedding day 31 Jan 1926, Grossgartach. Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Laemmlen is to the left of the bride, Sofie Werner.

Laemmlen, Paul Wilhelm's wedding 24 Aug 1929

Paul Wilhelm Laemmlen’s wedding day 24 August 1929, Grossgartach. Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Laemmlen is seated in the front row to the right of the group of children.

Laemmlen, Rudolf Home GGT

This is the Laemmlen home in Grossgartach. Young Rudolf and Marie are in the front windows looking out. 1913

Laemmlen, Heinrich signature (Rudolf's father)

Heinrich’s signature

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Martin Bushman, Branch President of Highland Grove, Iowa, 31 December 1848

Council Bluffs

Council Bluffs

The Bushman family was forced to leave Nauvoo with just a few hours’ notice. They were ill-prepared for the 500 mile trek to Council Bluffs, Iowa. It was the dreary rainy season and the roads were nearly impassible. Winter came on and the family suffered from hunger and cold. During this trying time, they lost two of their little girls, Elizabeth, age nine, and beautiful dark-eyed Hetty, who was a year old. They died one week apart, from exposure. Their brother, Martin Benjamin later described placing them “in their graves without coffins as there was nothing to be had to make them with, their bodies were lightly wrapped and a few branches of trees laid over their bodies to protect them from the dirt.” [Sketch of the Life of Martin and Elizabeth Bushman, written by their son Martin Benjamin Bushman, found in the back of The Life and Labors of John Bushman by John Bushman, L. Tom Perry Special Collections Library, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. Spelling and punctuation from the original have been retained.]

The family mourned their heartbreaking loss, and continued their journey with the Saints. They stopped in Highland Grove near Council Bluffs, where father Martin built a house of logs covering it with sticks and dirt. Then he went to Missouri to find work and food. Jacob cleared land for a farm and then he and Sarah also went into Missouri to see if they could find work to help the family. Sarah taught school through the winter.

After some time father Martin returned with some corn meal and pork and a few other provisions. The family stayed in Highland Grove four years, raised crops, and saved until they had sufficient provisions to make it the rest of the way to Utah. During these four years Jacob took charge of the farm while his father was away working. By the time he was eighteen years old he went alone to Missouri to work, returning home with his father to begin the last leg of their journey in May 1851. They had one wagon with two yoke of oxen and two yoke of cows hitched to it with enough provisions to last the next five months. They traveled with the Kelsey Company. Martin Benjamin Bushman, later wrote :

They went to council bluff in western Iowa they lived there for four years to get an outfit to come to utah. My Father and older brother went to another state to get work to get some thing for us to eat and clothes us. then I had to get the wood and chop it for to burn also had to feed the cattle. I also had to grind corn on a coffe mill for us to eat I also made traps to ceth quails for help out our meals. It was there that I was paptised also received a Patarcal blessing. at the end of four years we was ready to come to utah our outfit was one wagon four oxin and four cows and provision for four month on the way we see many buffalows and killed some for meet to eat that helped us in our living. We see thousand of indians on that journey of one thousand miles but they did not molest us wich we was thankful for.

We staid one week in Salt lake City then came thirty miles south to lehi then called dry creek. I was then ten years old for the next ten years of my life I stayed with parents helps them build houses make correls and shed and make fenses plow the ground harvest the crops. Also hearded the cows many times bare footed and done many other things in building up a new country. many time was short of clothes and food but we made the best of our lot and was not annoyed by our enemies.
[Biographical Sketch of Martin Benjamin Bushman, written by Martin Benjamin Bushman, found in the back of The Life and Labors of John Bushman by John Bushman, L. Tom Perry Special Collections Library, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. Spelling and punctuation from the original have been retained.]

We can learn more about our ancestor, Martin Bushman and his family members in the information on this website, copied below:

Kaysville Area, Highland Grove, IA

Highland Grove


Highland Grove is located in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, 2 miles from the Keg Creek settlement (1) and eight to ten miles south of Kanesville. (2) There is another Highland Grove located in Jones County in western Iowa which should not to be confused with the Mormon Pioneer settlement in Pottawattamie. (3)


The initial settlement of Highland Grove began as early as 1846 and remained a Mormon settlement until about 1852. (4) One source reports that William Cazier was the presiding elder of the branch around 1846, and “about 10-12 families lived there and they had regular Sabbath and evening meetings.” (5) As of December 31st, 1848 Martin Bushman was the Branch President of Highland Grove. (6) In 1851 James Fisher became the bishop of Highland Grove and remained so until 1852 when he headed west to Utah. (7) There are records of Mormons leaving the area for Utah as early as 1847, and as late as 1852. (8)

Early institutions like church quickly arose for the benefit of the population and the settlers even established a school “where children were given the rudiments of an education.” (9)

Some of the families listed have written their experiences about Highland Grove and include details about living within or contributing to its settlement. One such family was the Thomas Mantle family who resided there for five years, farming and living in a log hut. (10) Another resident of the area was the Charles Sperry family who mentions that they “had hired a man to build us a house” and shares that there were dances held “in the houses nearby” which gave the settlers a positive release from their day to day struggles. (11)

Life was difficult and trying for many of the settlers in Highland Grove. Charles Sperry speaks of various illnesses in the family, and although they may not have contracted those illnesses in the settlement, they were recovering while living there and some passed away. (12) Another story of hardship comes from Sarah Ann Bushman ( Rhodes). She taught school in Highland Grove from 1850-1851, and worked in Missouri during the summer of 1850 in order to alleviate some of the financial burdens of her family. (13) Her brother, Martin, described the family’s life as one of hard ship, and that they “suffered for want of proper food and clothing”. Some family members had to go “into the neighboring state to get work so they could git [sic] food and clothing for the family.” (14) The family’s father, Martin, had to travel over 100 miles into Missouri in order to earn wages by splitting rails. (15) Martin Benjamin, the son of Martin Bushman, wrote concerning his father’s diligence in providing for his family stating,

Here again the Husband tried to make wife and children comfortable, he built them a house of logs and covered it as best he could with sticks and dirt,   He then went into the state of Missouri and labored to procure them something to eat, after working for some time he received [sic] for his pay some corn meal and pork and a few other little things, he then returned to his Family with a Joyful heart that he had procured something to eat for them.  He then took up some land and raised some crops, he stayed there four years and was prospered so he had sufficient to bring him to Utah, in May 1851 he started on that journey[.] (16)

Another, temporary, resident of the settlement was William Whitehead Taylor. Originally from England, Taylor eventually settled in Highland Grove with the Stott family. In this excerpt he shares his struggles revealing that,

We worked hard, but the man for whom we did most of the work was very unfortunate. We lived a long distance from Kanesville, and at one time got out of stuffs. I went and tried to borrow a little flour or cornmeal; I did not get it, but found a man sitting astride a bench, grating corn on a home-made grater; he let me have the grater and some ears of corn, saying I could take them and do as he was doing. I never ate better mush than was made from that corn. I had no bed to lie on, and did not have my clothing off for twelve weeks. (17)

The occasional visitor to the town was announced in the newspaper, The Frontier Guardian, and was generally some church official. A scheduled visit to Highland Grove from the Traveling Elders was set for the 6 th of August 1849 and afterwards they would continue on to visit other settlements near Council Bluffs.(18) Also, Elder Benson scheduled a visit to the community at six o’clock in the evening on Monday, December 8, 1851. The announcement in The Frontier Guardian did not state the purpose of his visit (19).


Several families had children within their short stay at Highland Grove and the names, birth dates, and parents of these children are as follows: Sarah Jane Mantle, 7 March 1848, to Llewellyn and Catherine Watkins Mantle (20); Mary Matilda Watkins, 8 July 1849 to Robert James and Mary Smallman Watkins (21); Elias Albert Bushman, 6 December 1849, to Martin and Elizabeth Degen Bushman (22).


While there is no record of a Highland Grove cemetery, the deaths near or within the settlement included:

Aaron Sperry, 15 December 1846 (23)

Joy Sperry, 1 January 1847 (24)

Frontier Guardian Representative

The Frontier Guardian and Iowa Sentinel representative for the area was Hiram Hoyt. (25)

Iowa-Nebraska 1846 Map


      1. Emigrants Guide and Directory as found in Kanesville Conditions, Myrtle Stevens Hyde compiler (Ogden, UT: 1997), 113.
      2. Edwin Stott, “A Sketch of my Life”, Utah Historical Quarterly, July/October 1941, vol. 9, no. 3-4, 184-185.
      4. Martin Benjamin Bushman, Thomas Mantle, Charles Sperry.
      5. Derryfield N. Smith ed. John Bushman: Utah-Arizona Pioneer 1843-1926. (Provo, UT: John Bushman Family Association, 1975), 7.
      6. Richard E. Bennett. Mormons at the Missouri, 1846-1852: “And Should we Die…” (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987), 218.
      7. Orson F. Whitney, History of Utah, vol. 4, (Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon and Sons, Co, 1904), 438.
      8. Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868
      9. Derryfield N. Smith ed. John Bushman: Utah-Arizona Pioneer 1843-1926. (Provo, UT: John Bushman Family Association, 1975), 8.
      10. “From Wales to Presting, England; Nauvoo, Illinois; Highland Grove, Iowa to Slat Lake City and Taylorsville, Utah, as Mormon Pioneers: The story of the Mantle and Watkins family”,
      11. Kate B. Carter, ed. Our PioneerHeritage, “Charles Sperry”, Salt Lake City: International Society, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1958-1977.
      12. Ibid.
      13. Newbern I. Butt, “Bushman Family History”, compiled for the Bushman Family History Committee, The Bushman Family, Originally of Pennsylvania and the Rocky Mountain States, Provo, UT 1956, p.54,
      14. Martin Benjamin Bushman, “A Short Biographical Sketch of Sarah Ann Bushman (Mrs. Alonzo D. Rhodes) (1833-1917)”, originally located in the Temple Record Book of his father, Jacob Bushman, 1916, pp. 6-10, electronic transcript by Ann Laemmlen Lewis, May 2007
      15. Derryfield N. Smith ed. John Bushman: Utah-Arizona Pioneer 1843-1926. (Provo, UT: John Bushman Family Association, 1975), 8.
      16. Esshom, Frank (Frank Ellwood), “Sketch of the Life of Martin and Elizabeth Bushman”, Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah ( Salt Lake City : Western Epics Inc.), 1966.
      17. Orson F. Whitney, History of Utah, vol. 4 (Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon and Sons, 1904), 424.
      18. Frontier Guardian, 8 August 1849 as found in Kanesville Conditions, 25.
      19. Frontier Guardian, 28 November 1851 as found in Kanesville Conditions, 90.
      20., search “Sarah Jane Mantle”.
      21., search “Mary Matilda Watkins”.
      22., search “Elias Albert Bushman”. Or of Martin Bushman and Elizabeth Degen(Based upon Bushman Family History,** compiled 1956 by Newbern I. Butt for the Bushman Family History Committee, pp. 12-15). Additions by second great grandson Elden L. Stewart. (Written by Elden L. Stewart; retyped and submitted by Ella Mae [Turley] Judd.) **The full name and particulars of the book: The Bushman Family: Originally of Pennsylvania and the Rocky Mountain States by Newbern Butt, main author. Its Family History Library call number is 929.273 B964bn. It is located in the Joseph Smith Memorial Building Family History Book Section. It is also on microfilm, FHL 896926, item 5. (In the main library located in the FHL US/CAN Film section.)
      23. Kate B. Carter, ed. Our Pioneer Heritage, “Charles Sperry”, Salt Lake City: International Society, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1958-1977.
      24. Ibid.
      25. Frontier Guardian, 2 October 1850, 27 June 1851, 9 January 1852, and 18 June 1852 as found in Kanesville Conditions, 58.                                                                                                                                         Council Bluffs timeline
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John Bushman records information from the Nauvoo Temple Book about Martin and Elizabeth Degen Bushman

1845-12-25 Martin & Elizabeth endowed JB Diary

in June 1924
there was found in the
Nauvoo Temple Record
Book, a large Bundle
of loose leaves in manus
-scipt Pined together
which contained the
names of 1200 which
were not recorded in
Temple Records among
them were many of the
leading Brethren;
they commenced (?)doing
Endowments in that
Temple on the 11 of
December 1845 and on
December 25, 1845,
Martin Bushman and
Elizabeth Degen received
their Endowments

and on March 10th
1855 they were sealed
By George A. Smith
in the Lehi Tithing

1845-12-25 Martin & Elizabeth Bushman Nauvoo Temple

on December 25, 1845
Martin Bushman
Born April 1st 1802
and Elizabeth Degen Bush
-man Born Sept 12, 1802
were Endowed in the
Nauvoo Temple
and on the 10 of March^1855
By George A. Smith
in Lehi Tithin Office

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The Turley Family in the Nauvoo Temple December 1845-1846: THE LORD HAS BEHELD OUR SACRIFICE, COME AFTER US

Church History Museum (11)

The Saints living in Nauvoo knew they needed the blessings of the temple to strengthen them for the ordeal of their journey into the wilderness. They needed temple covenants to protect them and help them endure the challenges overland travel would bring.  Hundreds of  worthy people, including the Turley family, flocked to the Nauvoo Temple in the winter of 1845-46 to receive their  temple blessings and make covenants.

Even when Brigham Young encouraged them to begin their exodus, they could not bear to leave. He said, “Notwithstanding that I had announced that we would not attend to the administration of the ordinances, the House of the Lord was thronged all day, the anxiety being so great to receive. . . . I walked some distance from the Temple supposing the crowd would disperse, but on returning I found the house filled to overflowing. Looking upon the multitude and knowing their anxiety, as they were thirsting and hungering for the word, we continued at work diligently in the House of the Lord.”  (Joseph Smith, History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. B. H. Roberts, 2d ed. rev., 7 vols. (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1932–51), 7:579. )


Here is a fascinating journal account of what was happening in Nauvoo at that time, written by John Pulsipher (1827-1891).


The teaching of the Twelve was to build the Temple and finish the work that Joseph had begun. The people were obedient to counsel and exerted themselves to do all they could to accomplish the work.

On February the 9th, 1845, I was ordained to the office of a Seventy at the Seventies Hall in Nauvoo. I was placed in the Second Quorum and attended the meeting regularly and got much good instruction.

Our enemies were not satisfied with what they had done, so they continued their depredations. In the small settlements in the country the mobs collected, drove our brethren from their homes, burned their houses and grain and killed some who could not get out of the way. In the fall, the mob collected in the south part of the county and in about two weeks they burned 200 houses to ashes. The inhabitants had to flee to nauvoo to save their lives. A great amount of grain and property was destroyed, cattle and hogs were stolen and killed almost without number. Old father Durfee was shot and killed by the mob while he was trying to save his property from the flames. Many others died from exposure after being robbed and driven into the wood. Their sufferings were so great that they could not endure it.

The Saints gathered into Nauvoo, labored and toiled to finish the temple. Our enemies at the same time were planning to drive us from our city and from the United States. In the fall the temple was dedicated to the Lord, thus far completed. Prayer pronounced by President B. Young. The building was finished with the exception of a little inside work which was done during the winter.

Seeing that the church could have no peace in the United States just because we were saints, our enemies were allowed to rob, mob, plunder and drive us from the pleasant homes that we have worked so hard to make; not satisfied with that they would kill without cause and without fear. All seemed combined from the head of government down. There was no peace for Mormons and no man punished for murdering them. Seeing this, President Young and the Twelve gave orders for the saints to prepare and in the spring start into the wilderness, to a place where we can hide up among the mountains till the Lord shall execute judgment among the wicked. This was joyful news to all Saints. They started with one accord to prepare to start. The winter was spent in building wagons and buying teams.

Most of the Saints, men and women, had the privilege of receiving their endowments, learning the order of the Priesthood, the fall and redemption of man, in the temple in the city of Joseph. Nauvoo was called by that name after the death of Joseph. I think it was in the month of January that I and my brother Charles received our endowments. The building was filled up in the nicest style. It was built according to the pattern that the Lord gave to Joseph. It was accepted of the Lord and His holy angels have ministered unto many therein and now because of persecution we must leave it and in leaving it we leave a monument of our industry which was reared in our poverty. It was the finest building in all the western country.

At the west and about 100 (?) feet from the ground was the following inscription in large gold letters:

Commenced April 6th, 1841
Holiness to the Lord

At the east end of the House, inside, was arched the following sentence:


President Young, learning that our enemies were planning to come and drive us, considered it best to start before they came that they might see that we were going. He invited men to come forward with teams and provisions and go as a pioneer company, to make roads and prepare the way for the Church to follow.

On the 2nd of February, father and Charles, my brother younger than I, started having fitted out a four-horse team, with father and Wm. Burgess, and loaded it with provision and seeds. They crossed the Mississippi River with the first of the pioneer company. They were out with Pres. Young and the Twelve the remainder of that cold stormy winter, working their way westward. When their provisions were gone, they went down to the nearest settlements in Missouri and worked for more. They made a road west thru the wilderness of what afterwards became the state of Iowa. Father left me at home with the instructions to sell the property, get teams and bring the family along. On account of the people all wanting to sell so they could go and as our enemies would not give much for our possessions because they thought we would leave them and they could get them without paying, we were obliged to sell for just what we could get. About $2,000 worth of property I had to sell for $300, because I could do no better. We got teams enough so as to let Horace and William Burgess, Jr.–my brothers-in-law–have a yoke of oxen each and helped Elias Pulsipher my cousin, to some team and took the family of Wm. Burgess, senior, into one of our wagons. All things being made ready, we left our home about the 20th of May and started in pursuit of the camp of Israel, with light hearts full of joy.

After traveling five days with our light teams and heavy loads, to our great joy we met father, Charles and father Burgess coming back to get us. They supposed that we had not started and they feared that our enemies would be upon us. They had given their load to the company and returned to help us. A happy meeting it was!

We traveled till we came to a settlement on the Des Moines River and then stopped and worked about two months and got some more provisions and clothing, traded horses for oxen and on the 10th of August we started again on our journey in company with Wm. Burgess, senior, Wm. Burgess, Jr., Horace Burgess and others of our neighbors. After travelling 21 days, we passed by Garden Gove and Mr. Pisgah, resting places, where poor Saints had stopped to raise crops so they could pursue their journey. We arrived at the headquarters of the Camp of Israel on the west side of the Missouri River. This was the 1st of September. The Saints were scattered from Nauvoo to this place and many had not started because they could get no teams.

Heber C. Kimball

Heber C. Kimball acted as scribe at the temple during this time.  His journals can be found in BYU Special Collections.  Here are some pages I transcribed from those journals:

Heber Chase Kimball
MSS SC 1859
21 November 1845 to 7 January 1846

11 December the Temple opens for Ordinances and from then on each day has many pages of details of who came when and received which ordinances by whom.

20 December 1845
At 6’oclock Theodore Turley and his family having arrived at the Temple the ordinances were administered to them as follows viz:
Theodore Turley ^ H Priest Born 11 April, 1801 was washed and anointed by William Crosby.
The females as follows commencing at 15 minutes before 6’oclock
Frances Turley born June 22, 1800
w. by Nancy Winchester A. by Leonora Taylor
Percila Turley born June 1, 1829
w. by Polly Z. Johnson A. by Patty Sessions
Frances Amelia Turley born 1 Jany 1825
w. by Nancy Winchester A. by Patty Sessions
Mary Ann Turley b July 13, 1827
w. by Nancy Winchester, A. by Leonora Taylor
Mary Henderson born Feby 18, 1823
w. by P. L. Johnson A. by Patty Sessions
Finished here at half past 6 o’clock
Eliza R. Snow, Clerk.
At 10 min past 7 [commenced receiving (gives names of who played each part of the endowment)]

At half past 9 o’clock commenced receiving Elder Turley & family into the upper department in the following order
Theodore Turley by PP Pratt
Frances Turley “ T Turley & PPP
Frances Amelia Turley by T Turley
Mary Ann Turley by T Turley
Mary Henderson by Isaac Allred
Finished at 10 o’clock
John D. Lee afficiated as prompter
Pres Young left the Temple about half past 4 o’clock to be absent for the night.
At 5 o’clock a meeting was held in Er. Kimballs room. Present H.C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, P. P. Pratt, Amasa Lyman, George A. Smith, John Taylor, W. W. Phelps and George Miller – clothed in peistly apparel, they offered up thanks to God and asked for the health of Bishop Whitneys chid, also Elder Kimballs and that God would away the wrath of this government from us and over rule all things for good.— Elder Kimball being mouth—
564 Persons have passed through—
95 this day —- —– —–

Sunday 21 December 1845
Theodore Turly attends meeting in the temple. 75 persons present, HCK presiding.

22 Dec 1845
. . . at Twelve O’clock P.M. all petires? (parties?) Except Pres. B. Young, H. C. Kimball Amasa Lyman John D. Lee Levi Rollin David Coinclance? Theodore Turly, H C. Hanson Peter Hanson H. G. Sherwood
These slept in the Temple

24 December
Theodore Turley is listed as the #3 person officiating in the middle department.

At 20 minutes past 12 William Miller who was arrested yesterday, came into the Temple, having been liberated from arrest at Carthage last evening when they found out that he was not Brigham Young. He was not ill treated.

The following persons have labored in the Temple this day – viz.
(A list which includes Theodore Turley)

Tuesday, December 25th 1845
Pres. Brigham Young H. C. Kimball, George Miller and others who were here yesterday with some others. The morning is fine, the sun shining clear and bright upon the light covering of snow which fell last night–

In the female department the following persons were washed and anointed commencing at 5 minutes before 11 o’clock viz.
(A list including Sarah Ellen Clift born May 3. 1814 w. by Arteminia Snow an. by Mary C. Miller)

At 15 minutes after 3 o’clock commenced receiving into the upper department company No. 2 in the following order, viz:
(List containing Sarah Ellen Clift – by Theodore Turley)

Bushman family members receive temple blessings
Theodore Turley mentioned as in the temple that evening

Monday January 5th 1846
High Priests: Robert Clift born Sept 20 1791
Women: Priscilla Clift born August 1815

5 p.m. upper department: Robert Clift by P. P. Pratt
Priscilla Clift by Robert Clift

After the labors of the day were over (9pm) more music and dancing in the Temple until midnight.


Here are some another interesting journal entries by Heber C. Kimball from the following days:

26 December 1846  (my notes of this entry)
People didn’t come to the temple today because BY said there would be no business there today. A few stayed to watch the doors, Eliza R. Snow was there and some women sewing garment. BY said from now on, no more sewing in the temple, houses would be designated for that. He also told them no more eating or cooking on the 4th floor.
There were some things going on in the temple that should not have been-there were a few men (some names mentioned) who introduced women into the temple (not their wives) and were living with them in the side rooms—cooking, sleeping, tending babies “and toying with their women.”
Reported that there were also some men who came to the temple who weren’t so well prepared (worthy) and some women and children who “who were not well entitled to the ordinances. Also many who were “lounging about, who had no particular duty to attend to, but who thought they had a right to be present because they had once passed through the vail.” Also a few veil workers who didn’t have BY’s permission to work there, etc.

January 1st 1846 Thursday
This day is the first of another year—the morning is rainy, the ground very soft, and the mud very deep. A heavy mist rests upon the low ground under the bluff—the sun light is very dim being nearly shut out by the bleak heavy clouds which overspread the whole face of the sky and every thing around wears a gloomy and dismal aspect – but notwithstanding the unfavorable appearance of things, the brethren and sisters are assembling together to the house of the Lord to receive their washings & anointings. . . .

The plasterers have commenced this morning to plaster the arched ceiling of the lower hall of the Temple, the floor is laid, the frame work o the pulpits and surrounding seats for the choir and band, is put- up and the work of fitting the room or dedication & holding meetings therein progresses very fast –.

Men consecrated more perfumed oil, prayed to God, “that he would preserve us from all the snares and traps that were laid by our enemies, that he would paralyze their power, and turn away their wrath, that we might have means & power to remove from this place and for the continued prosperity of the Church, &c. &c. &c.

(A full day of temple work—pages full of names of people who came)

After a little time had elapsed (it was after 9 p.m.) the whole company were assembled together in the east room, in number about fifty and all kneeled down upon the carpet and united with Elder H. C. Kimball in thanksgiving to God for his great mercy, and goodness to us in granting us this opportunity of meeting together in the House of the Lord and in prayer to him that he would continue to bless us—that he would bless Pres. Brigham Young with health and wisdom, that he might be able to lead and direct this people, and that the same blessings might be extended to all his brethren of the Twelve, and on all the saints, and that God would bless our wives and give unto them strength of body, that they might live and administer to the servants of God that they might see three peace years and ten, and behold the kingdom of God established in the earth. — And that we might be enabled to continue in Nauvoo in peace, until all the faithful Saints have received their endowments and that when the time to leave here should arrive, that we might have those things that we need to enable us to go away in comfort—that to this end our possessions might look good to those who are round about us that they may buy them and pay us gold and silver, and such things as we need. Also that God would bless our children, and all that pertains to us, and dedicating the whole company to God, give him the glory through our Lord Jesus Christ, Amen.

BY performed a marriage in one of the rooms, then they had a super in the Temple, then dancing. BY got up and preached about dancing in the temple—and instructed the people not to dance with the wicked. He asked who was willing to make a covenant “that they would not mingle with the wicked any more in their amusement.” BY chastised his daughter, Vilate, who was dancing.

(Testimony of a fiddler who played for the wicked.)

The spirit of the Lord was present and the spirit of meekness & humility & gratitude to God for the great privileges we enjoy that tears came into the eyes of many of those present. Love and union, peace & harmony prevailed, the utmost decorum was observed, not a loud laugh, nor a rude jest saluted the ear — All were in the most perfect subjection to the word of the President, and when he told them at about half past 2 o’clock that it was time to quit and seek repose this whole company assented without a murmur, although may would have been gad to have continued the exercises longer.

The sisters retired to the side rooms & the brethren stretched themselves on the floor, or on the sofas and all were soon in the embraces of “tired nature’s sweet restores, balmy sleep.” With the exception of the Bridegroom & Bride, and a few of their friends, who, being unable to close their eyes in sleep, from the abundance of their joy, passed the short hours of the morning in agreeable conversation in the offices.

(List of all those persons present for the celebration that evening.)

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The Bushman-Smith Relationship

Maria Elizabeth Bushman Smith is the daughter of John Bushman and Lois Angeline Smith.  She was born 17 December 1869 in Lehi, Utah.  She married Silas Derryfield Smith, son of Jesse Nathaniel Smith and Emma Saraphine West in 1888 in Saint George, Utah.  Here is a nice description of the relationships between the Bushman and Smith families:

Maria Elizabeth Bushman Smith, The Story of Our Mother
by Derryfield N. Smith, published by the Maria E. B. and Silas D. Smith Family Association, pp. 51-52.

The young man Maria was destined to marry was Silas D. Smith, the second son of the nine children born to President Jesse N. Smith of the Eastern Arizona Stake and his wife Emma Seraphine West. An exceptionally attractive relationship subsequently developed between the families of President Jesse N. Smith of Snowflake and Bishop John Bushman of St. Joseph. In addition to Silas D., two other sons of Jesse N. Smith were to marry other daughters of John Bushman; i.e. J. Walter Smith married Lois Evelyn Bushman and Hyrum Smith married June Augusta Bushman. Also Homer F. Bushman, John’s elder son, married Jesse N. Smith’s daughter Sariah and another daughter married Preston A. Bushman. When Anna later died, after bearing four children, Preston married Daphne Decker, a granddaughter of J. N. Smith. Another granddaughter, Edith Smith, married Alonzo Bushman. This exceptional interrelationship of families has fostered an excellent system of family reunions, newsletters and cooperative genealogical research programs.
Here are some photos of Bushman and Smith Families and the love shared between these two  stalwart families:

smith, silas derryfield family

Silas Derryfield and Maria Elizabeth Bushman Smith Family

smith, derryfield children

Derryfield Smith Children

smith, derryfield daughters

Derryfield Smith Daughters

smith, homer bushman and freda

Homer Bushman Smith and Freda

smith, hyrum & june bushman smith 1942

Hyrum Smith and June Bushman 1942

smith, john walter & lois evelyn bushman

John Walter Smith and Lois Evelyn Bushman

smith, john walter family 1915 snowflake

John Walter and Evelyn Bushman Smith Family

smith, june agusta bushman b. 1879

June Augusta Bushman Smith

smith, lois evelyn (seated) with young children

Lois Evelyn Bushman Smith with children

smith, maria elizabeth bushman children

Maria Elizabeth Bushman Smith Children

smith, morris bushman & lois family

Morris Bushman Smith Family

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Eugene Worlton Bushman b. 14 December 1876 in Lehi

The Bushman Family History by Newbern Butt, p. 112:

Eugene was born in Lehi and died in Franksburg, Alberta. Res. Franksburg and Lethbridge, Alberta, Canda. He was a farmer by trade. Very active in most all phases of church work. President of MIA; second counselor in SS; Bishop of the Franksburg Ward; Stake High Counselor; Patriarch of Alberta Stake until his death.

bushman, eugene worlton b. 1876

Eugene Worlton Bushman

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